Dr. Butzer was Author or editor of 19 books and monographs.

In addition, he Authored and co-authored over 270 scientific papers and chapters, including pieces featured in journals and series such as Science, Nature, American Scientist, American Antiquity, Advances in World Archaeology, Cambridge Ancient History, Cambridge History of Africa, Current Anthropology,Die Naturwissenschafen, Ecumene, Geoscience and Man, Geoarchaeology, Journal of Geology, Journal of Field Archaeology, Soil Science, Quaternary Research, Quaternary Science Reviews, and South African Journal of Science. He wrote some 125 book reviews.

Two books and five papers have been translated into Spanish, Russian, Hungarian, Chinese, or Catalan.



Quaternary Stratigraphy and Climate in the Near East. Bonn: Bonner Geographische Abhandlungen, Vol. 24,1958,157 pp.; 2nd edition, New York: Johnson Reprint Corp., 1969.

Die Naturlandschaft Ägyptens während der Vorgeschichte und dem Dynastischen Zeitalter. Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur (Mainz), Abhandl. Math.-Nat. Kl. 1959, No.2: 80pp.

Environment and Archeology: An Introduction to Pleistocene Geography. Chicago: Aldine, 1964,524 pp.

Desert and River in Nubia: Geomorphology and Prehistoric Environments at the Aswan Reservoir (with C.L. Hansen). Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1968, 562 pp.

Environment and Archeology: An Ecological Approach to Prehistory. Chicago: Aldine, and London: Methuen, 1971,703 pp.

Recent History of an Ethiopian Delta: The Omo River and the Level of Lake Rudolf. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Department of Geography Research Paper 136, 1971, 184 pp.

After the Australopithecines: Stratigraphy, Ecology and Culture Change in the Middle Pleistocene (Editor, with G.L. Isaac). The Hague: Mouton, 1975, 911 pp.

Early Hydraulic Civilization in Egypt: A Study in Cultural Ecology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976, 134 pp. Reprinted online by University of Chicago Press 2006.

Geomorphology from the Earth. New York and London: Harper and Row, 1976, 463 pp.

Geomorphology of the Lower Illinois Valley as a Spatial-Temporal Context for the Koster Archaic Site. Springfield IL: Reports on Investigations, Illinois State Museum 34 (1977): 60 pp.

Dimensions of Human Geography: Essays on Some Familiar and Neglected Themes (Editor). Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Department of Geography, Research Paper 186, 1978, 190 pp.

Archaeology as Human Ecology: Method and Theory for a Contextual Approach. New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982, 364 pp.

A Foeldfelszin Formakincse, Budapest: Gondolat, 1986, 520 pp.

Medieval Muslim Communities of the Sierra de Espadan, Kingdom of Valencia (with E.K.Butzer and J.F. Mateu). Los Angeles: University of California Press, monograph: Viator 17(1986): 339-413.

Arqueologla: Una Ecologia del Hombre. Barcelona: Bellaterra, 1989, 345 pp.

The Americas before and after 1492: Current Geographical Research (Editor). Oxford and Cambridge MA: Blackwell Publications, 1992, 226 pp

Arqueologia: Una ecologia del Hombre. Introduction by J.F. Mateu. Barcelona, Bellaterra, 2007, 2nd edition, 418 pp.

(P.F. Hudson, K.W. Butzer, T. Beach, eds) Fluvial Deposits and Environmental History: Geoarchaeology. Paleohydrology, and Adjustments to Environmental Change. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2008, 431pp.

(Co-editor with A.G.Brown, L. Basell) Geoarchaeology, Climate Change, and Sustainability. Geological Society of America Special Paper 476, 2011.

Editor, Critical Perspectives on Historical Collapse, Proceedings, Academy of Sciences, Special Feature, vol. 109, no. 10, March 2012,3628-3681, plus various Supplemental Papers.




Late glacial and post-glacial climatic fluctuations in the Near East. Erdkunde 11 (1957): 21-35. 

Mediterranean pluvials and the general circulation of the Pleistocene. Geografiska Annaler 19 (1957): 48-53. 

Der Umweltfaktor in der grossen arabischen Expansion. Saeculum 8 (1957): 359-371.

Die Ursachen des landschaftswandels der Sahara und Levante seit dem klassichen Altertum. Abhandlungen, Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur (Mainz), Math. -Nat. Kl., No. 1: 1-19.

Das Ökologische Problem der neolithischen Felsbilder der ostlichen Sahara. Abhandlungen, Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur (Mainz), Math.-Nat. Kl. 1957, No. I: 20-49.

The recent climatic fluctuations in lower latitude and the general circulation of the Pleistocene. Geografiska Annaler 19 (1957): 105-113.



The Near East during the Last Glaciation: A palaeogeographical sketch. Geographical Journal 124 (1958): 367-369.

Russian climate and the hydrological budget of the Caspian Sea. Revue Canadienne de Geographie 12 (1958): 129-139.

Tagung der Deutschen Quartärvereinigung in Überlingen 1958. Geologie 8 (1958): 227-228.

Der 5. Internationale Quartärkongress in Madrid und Barcelona (with O. Fraenzle). Erdkunde 12 (1957): 65-68.


Some recent geological deposits of the Egyptian Nile Valley. Geographical Journal 125 (1959):75-79.

Contributions to the Pleistocene geology of the Nile Valley. Erdkunde 13 (1959): 46-67.

Environment and human ecology in Egypt during Predynastic and early Dynastic times. Bulletin de la Societe de Geographie d’Egypte 32 (1959): 43-87 .

A minute Predynastic flake industry from Hierakonpolis. Archivo lnternazionale Etnografia Preistoria 2 (1959): 17-20.

Observations on pre-Wiirm glaciations of the Iberian Peninsula (with O. Fraenzle). Zeitschrift fuer Geomorphologie 3 (1959): 85-97.

Der V. Internationale Kongress Für Vor- Und Frühgeschichte in Hamburg 1958. Erdkunde 13, no. 2 (1959): 155-56.


Archeology and geology in ancient Egypt Science 132 (1960): 1617-1624. Reprinted in New Roads to Yesteryear, Ed. J.R. Caldwell. New York: Basic Books, 1966; pp. 210-227.

Remarks on the geography of settlement in the Nile Valley during Hellenistic times. Bulletin de la Societe de Geographie d’Egypte 33 (1960): 5-36.

On the Pleistocene shorelines of Arabs’ Gulf, Egypt. Journal of Geology 68 (1960): 622-637.

Die 56. Tagung der Association of American Geographers in Dallas 1960. Erdkunde 14 (1960): 313-314.

Dynamic climatology of large-scale European circulation patterns in the Mediterranean area. Meteorologische Rundschau 13 (1960): 97-107.

Nota preliminar sobre la estratigrafia y paleontologfa del Cuaternario marino del sur y S.E. de la Isla de Mallorca (with J. Cuerda). Boletin de la Sociedad de Historia Natural de Baleares 6 (1960): 9-29.


Palaeoclimatic implications of Pleistocene stratigraphy in the Mediterranean area. Annals of the New York Academy of Science 95 (1961): 449-456.

Archäologische Fundstellen Ober- und. Mittelägyptens in ihrer geologischen Landschaft. Mitteilungens, Deutsches Arcäeologisches Institut, Abteilung Kairo 17 (1961): 54-68.

Climatic change in arid regions since the Pliocene. Arid Zone Research (UNESCO) 17 (1961):31-56.


Coastal geomorphology of Majorca. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 52 (1962): 191-212.

Coastal stratigraphy of southern Mallorca and its implications for the Pleistocene chronology of the Mediterranean Sea (with J. Cuerda). Journal of Geology 70 (1962): 398-416.

Nuevos yacimientos marinos cuaternarios de las Baleares (with J. Cuerda). Notas y Comunicaciónes, Instituto de Geologia y Minero de España 67 (1962): 25-70.

Pleistocene stratigraphy and prehistory in Egypt. Quaternaria 6 (1962): 451-477.

Notas sobre la evolución del clima en el Asia Anterior y Africa del norte. Estudios Geográficos 23 (1962): 517-534.

Observaciones preliminares sobre la geologia y paleogeografia de los yacirnientos acheulenses de Torralba y Ambrona (Soria). Excavaciones Arqueolgicas en España 10 (1962): 8-19.

The land of Egypt. In Egypt, Ed. A. Nawrath. Berne: Kfunmerly and Frey, 1962, pp. 163-185.

Formaciones cuaternarias dellitoral este de Mallorca (Canyamel-Porto Cristo) (with J. Cuerda). Boletin de la Sociedad de la Historia Natural de Baleares 7 (1962): 3-29.


Changes of climate during the late geological record. Arid Zone Research (UNESCO) 20 (1963): 203-206.

The last pluvial phase of the Eurafrican subtropics. Arid Zone Research (UNESCO) 20 (1963): 211-221.

Climatic-geomorphologic interpretation of Pleistocene sediments in the Eurafrican subtropics. Viking Fund Publications in Anthropology 35 (1963): 1-27.


Pleistocene Geomorphology and Stratigraphy of the Costa Brava Region, Catalonia. Abhandlungen, Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur (Mainz), Mathematisch Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 1964, No.1: 1-51.

Pleistocene palaeclimates of the Kurkur Oasis. Canadian Geographer 8 (1964): 125-141.

Pleistocene cold-climate phenomena ofthe Island of Mallorca. Zeitschriftfuer Geomorphologie 8 (1964): 7-31.


Acheulian occupation sites at Torralba and Ambrona, Spain: Their geology. Science 150 (1965): 1718-1722.

Desert landforms at the Kurkur Oasis, Egypt. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 55 (1965): 578-591.

On Pleistocene evolution of the Nile Valley in southern Egypt (with C.L. Hansen). Canadian Geographer 9 (1965): 74-83.

Physical conditions in eastern Europe, western Asia and Egypt before the .period of agricultural and urban settlement. Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 1, Pt. 2 (1970): 35-69 (separate Fascicule, 1965).


Geologie und Paläogeographie archäologischer Fundstellen bei Sayala (Unternubien). Denkschriften, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse 92 (1966): 89-98.

Environment and archaeology (with commentaries). Current Anthropology 7 (1966): 501-526.

Climatic changes in the arid zones of Africa 8000-0 B.C. In World Climate 8000-0B. C., Ed. J.S. Sawyer. London: Royal Meteorological Society, 1966, pp. 73-84.

Deserts in the past (with C.R. Twidale). In Arid Lands, Ed. E.S. Hills. London: Methuen, 1966, pp. 127-144.

The Acheulian Station of Torralba (Spain): A progress report (with L.G. Freeman). Quaternaria 8 (1966): 9-21.

Isotopes and Geography. Geographical Review 56 (1966): 593-594.; translated and reprinted in IzvestiiaAkad. Nauk. SSSR, Ser. Geog. 1967(3): 117-118.


Geomorphology and stratigraphy of the Paleolithic site of Budinho. Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart 18 (1967): 82-103.

Upper Pleistocene stratigraphy in southern Egypt (with C.L. Hansen). In Background to Evolution in Africa, Eds. W.W. Bishop and J.D. Clark. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967, pp. 329-356.

Problematical Pleistocene artifact assemblage from northwestern Spain (with E. Aguirre). Science 157 (1967): 430-431.

Reply to On Late Pleistocene Chronology. Current Anthropology, vol. 8, no. 4 (1967) pp. 353–354.

Late Pleistocene deposits of the Kom Ombo Plain, Upper Egypt. In Frühe Menschheit und Umwelt, Eds. K. Gripp, R. Schütrumpf and H. Schwabedissen. Cologne: Bohlau, 1967, Part II, pp.213-227.

Last glacial tundra vegetation in Central Europe. Geographical Review 57 (1967): 264-266.

Early Pleistocene deposits of the Nile Valley in Egyptian Nubia (with Carl L. Hansen). Quaternaria 8 (1967): 177-185.

Interrelationships of subsaharan nilotic deposits and local wadi alluvia in southern Egypt (with C.L. Hansen). Actes 6. Congres Panafricaine Prehistoire, Dakar 1967, pp. 336-337.


Comments on “The Pleistocene epoch and the evolution of Man,” Current Anthropology 9 (1968): 31-32.

Pollen analysis at the Cueva del Toll, Catalonia: A critical re-appraisal (with L.G. Freeman). Geologia Mijnbouw 47(2) (1968): 116-120.

Some late Cenozoic sedimentary formations of the Lower Omo Basin (with D. L. Thurber). 222 (1969): 1139-1143; reprinted in Bobbs-Merrill Reprints Series in Anthropology A-505 (1975).

Geological interpretation of two Pleistocene hominid sites in the Lower Omo Basin. Nature 222 (1969): 1133-1135; reprinted in Bobbs-Merrill Reprints Series in Anthropology A-505 (1975).


Geomorphological observations in the Lower Omo Basin, southwestern Ethiopia. Colloquium Geographicum 12 (Troll Festschrift) (1969): 177-192.

Changes in the land. Science 165 (1969): 52-53.

[With C. L. Hansen, and Pierre Birot ] “Géologie Et Morphologie En Égypte Méridionale.” Annales De Géographie 78, no. 430 (1969): 727-28.


Contemporary depositional environments of the Omo Delta and some applications. Nature 226 (1970): 425-430.

Horizontal sediments of the Lower Omo Basin: The Kibish Formation (with F.H. Brown and D.L. Thurber). Quaternaria 11 (1970): 15-30.

Climate and History. Geographical Review 60 (1970): 574 – 576.

EI yacimiento acheulense de Ambrona (Prov. de Soria) (with P. Biberson and D. Collins). Publicaciones, Departamento de Paleontologia (Universidad de Madrid) 10 (1970): 5-23.

Quartäre Vorzeitklimate der Sahara. In Die Sahara und ihre Randgebi Quartäre Vorzeitklimate der Sahara.ete, Ed. H. Schiffers, Cologne, pp. 349-387.


The Lower Omo Basin: Geology, fauna and hominids of Plio-Pleistocene formations. Die Naturwissenschaften 58 (1971): 7-16.

Fine alluvial fills in the Orange and Vaal Basins of South Africa. Proceedings, Association of American Geographers 3 (1971): 41-48.

Another look at the australopithecine cave breccias of the Transvaal. American Anthropologist 73 (1971): 1197-1201.

Agricultural origins in the Near East as a geographical problem. In Prehistoric Agriculture, Ed. S. Struever. New York: Natural History Press, 1971, pp. 209-235.

The significance of agricultural dispersal into Europe and northern Africa. In Prehistoric Agriculture, Ed. S. Struever. New York: Natural History Press, 1971, pp. 313-334.

Comunicacion preliminar sobre la geologia de Cueva Morîn (Santander). In Cueva Morîn: Excavaciones 1966-1968, Eds. J. Gonzalez Echegaray and L.G. Freeman, Santander: Patronato de las Cuevas, 1971, pp. 343-355.


Radiocarbon dating of East African lake levels (with G.L. Isaac, R.L. Richardson, and C. Washburn-Kamau). Science 175 (1972): 1069-1076.

Late Cenozoic evolution of the Cape Coast between Knysna and Cape St. Francis, South Africa (with D.M. Helgren). Quaternary Research 2 (1972): 143-169.

Late Pleistocene beaches and wadi alluvia near Mersa Alam, Red Sea coast, Egypt. Palaeoecology of Africa 6 (1972): 125-128.

Molluscan assemblages from the Late Cenozoic of the Lower Omo Basin, Ethiopia: Comments. Quaternary Research 2 (1972): 591.

Late Pleistocene stratigraphy of the Kom Ombo Plain, Upper Egypt: Comparison with other recent studies near Esna-Edfu (with C.L Hansen). Bulletin de Liaison, Associacion Senegalaise. Etude Quaternaire Ouest Africaine 35-36 (1972): 5-14.


Quaternary environmental changes in southern Africa (with E.M. van Zinderen Bakker). Soil Science 6 (1973): 236-248.

Past climates of the Tibesti Mountains, Central Sahara. Geographical Review 63 (1973): 395-397.

Notas sobre la geomorfologfa regional de la parte occidental de la Provincia de Santander y la estratigraffa de Cueva Morin. In Cueva Morin 11 Excavaciones 1969, Eds. J. Gonzalez Echegaray and L.G. Freeman. Santander: Patronato de las Cuevas, 1973, pp. 1-9.

Alluvial terraces of the Lower Vaal River, South Africa: A re-appraisal and re-investigation (with D.M. Helgren, G.J. Fock, and R. Stuckenrath). Journal a/Geology 81 (1974): 341-362.

Geology of Nelson Bay Cave, Robberg, South Africa. South African Archaeological Bulletin 28 (1973): 97-110.

Paleo-hydrology of late Pleistocene lakes in the Alexandersfontein Pan, Kimberly, South Africa. Nature 243 (1973): 328-330.

Dawn in the Rudolf Basin. South African Journal o/Science 69 (1973): 292-293.

Pleistocene “periglacial” phenomena in southern Africa. Boreas 2 (1973): 1-12.

Re-evaluation of the geology of the Elandsfontein (Hopefield) site, southwestern Cape, South Africa. South African Journal o/Science 69 (1973): 234-238.

Rebuttal to Ziegert’s Reply. American Anthropologist, vol. 75, no. 2 (1973): 610–611

Pluralism in geomorphology. Proceedings, Association 0/ American Geographers 5 (1973): 39-43.

Alluvial terraces of the Lower Vaal River, South Africa: A re-appraisal and re-investigation (with D.M. Helgren, G.J. Fock, and R. Stuckenrath). Journal a/Geology 81 (1973): 341-362.

A provisional interpretation of the sedimentary sequence from Montagu Cave (Cape Province),South Africa. In Montagu Cave in Prehistory, ed. C.M. Keller, pp. 89-92. Berkeley: Dniv. Calif. Anthrop. Rec. 28, 1973.

Spring sediments from the Acheulian site of Amanzi (Uitenbage District, South Africa). Quaternaria 17 (1973): 299-319.

Provisional conrments on the sedimentary sequence from “E” Quarry, Langebaanweg, Cape Province. Quaternaria 17 (1973): 237-243.

A “Silsilian” occupation site (GS-2B-II) of the Kom Ombo Plain, Upper Egypt: Geology, archeology and paleo-ecology (with J.L. Phillips). Quaternaria 17 (1973): 343-386.


Geo-archaeological interpretation of two Acheulian calc pan sites: Doornlaagte and Rooidam (Kimberley, South Africa). Journal 0/ Archaeological Science 1 (1974): 1-25.

Accelerated soil erosion. In Perspectives on Environment, Eds. I. Manners and M.W. Mikesell. Washington: Association of American Geographers, 1974, pp. 57-78.

Geological and ecological perspectives on the Middle Pleistocene. Quaternary Research 4 (1974): 136-148; (reprinted in) After the Australopithecines, Eds. K.W. Butzer and G.L. Isaac. The Hague: Mouton, 1975, pp. 857-873.

Climatic change. Encyclopaedia Britannica: Macropaedia (1974): 730-741.

Modern Egyptian pottery clays and Predynastic buff ware. Journal o/Near Eastern Studies. 33 (1974): 377-382.

Geology of the Cornelia Beds. Memoirs Nat. Museum (Bloemfontein) 9 (1974): 7-32.

Paleo-ecology of South African australopithecines: Taung revisited. Current Anthropology 15 (1974): 367-382,420-426.

Reflections on the Stability of Holocene Environmental Zonation in South Africa. Goodwin Series, no. 2 (1974) pp. 37–38. 

[with Tuttle, R. & Blumenberg, B.] “Darwin’s Apes, Dental Apes, and the Descent of Man: Normal Science in Evolutionary Anthropology.” Current Anthropology, vol. 15, no. 4, 1974, pp. 389–426.


Pleistocene littoral-sedimentary cycles of the Mediterranean: A Mallorquin view. In After the Australopithecines, Eds. K.W. Butzer and G.L. Isaac. The Hague: Mouton, 1975, pp. 25-71.

The “ecological” approach to prehistory: Are we really trying? American Antiquity 40 (1975): 106-111.

Patterns of environmental change in the Near East during the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene times. In Problems in Prehistory: North Africa and the Near East, Eds. F. Wendorf and A.E. Marks. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1975, pp. 389-410.

Man-land relationships of Acheulian hunter-gatherers. Bobbs-Merrill Reprint Series in Anthropology A-480 (1975), 25 pp.

Birket Qarun. Lexikon der Ägyptologie 1 (1975): 822-824.

Delta. Lexikon der Ägyptologie 1 (1975): 1043-1052.

[With Marker, Margaret E. “On Taung Revisited.” Current Anthropology 16, no. 2 (1975): 295-96. ]


Algunos sedimentos de niveles arqueologicos asturienses de yacirnientos de la Espafia cantábrica (with D. Bowman). In El Asturiense Cantabrico, Ed. G.A. Clark. Madrid: Bibliotheca Prehistorica Hispana 13, 1976, pp. 349-355.

Lithostratigraphy of the Swartkrans Formation. South African Journal o/Science 72 (1976):136-141.

A settlement archaeology project in the Alexandersfontein Basin (Kimberley). Palaeoecology 0/Africa 9 (1976): 144-145.

Obituary for Carl Troll (1899-1975). Geographical Review 66 (1976): 234-236.

Pleistocene climates. Geoscience and Man 13 (1976): 27-43.

The Mursi, Nkalabong, and Kibish formations, Lower Omo Basin, Ethiopia. In Earliest Man and Environments in the Lake Rudolf Basin, Eds. Y Coppens, F.C. Howell, G.L. Isaac, and R.E. Leakey. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976, pp. 12-23.


Environment, culture and human evolution. American Scientist 65 (1977): 572-584.

Geo-archaeology in practice. Reviews in Anthropology 4 (1977): 125-131.

Paleosols of the southern Cape Coast, South Africa: Implications for laterite definition, genesis and age (with D.M. Helgren). Geographical Review 67 (1977): 430-445.

Rock engravings and the Later Stone Age, northern Cape Province, South Africa (with G.J. Fock, L. Scott, and R. Stuckenrath). Proceedings, 8. Panafrican Congress of Prehistory,Quaternary Studies, Nairobi 1977, pp. 311-313.

Geographie. Lexikon der Ägyptologie 2 (1977): 525-530.


Late Cenozoic paleoclimates of the Gaap Escarpment, Kalahari margin, South Africa (with R. Stuckenrath, A.J. Bruzewicz and D.M. Helgren). Quaternary Research 10 (1978): 310-339.

Sediment stratigraphy of the Middle Stone Age sequence at Klasies River Mouth, Tzitzikamma Coast, South Africa. South African Archaeological Bulletin 33 (1978): 141-151.

Lithostratigraphy of Border Cave, Kwazulu: A Middle Stone Age sequence beginning ca.195,000 B.P. (with P.B. Beaumont and J.C. Vogel). Journal of Archaeological Science 5 (1978): 317-341.

Climate patterns in an un-glaciated continent. Geographical Magazine 51 (1978): 201-208.

Changing Holocene environments at the Koster site: A geo-archeological perspective. American Antiquity 43 (1978): 408-413.

The people of the river. In Ancient Egypt. Washington D.C.: National Geographic Society, 1978, pp. 32-71.

Geo-ecological perspective on early hominid evolution. In African Hominidae of the PlioPleistocene, Ed. C.J. Jolly. London: Duckworth, 1978, pp. 191-217.

Toward an integrated, contextual approach in archaeology: A personal view. Journal of·Archaeological Science 5 (1978): 191-193.

Cultural perspectives on geographical space. In Dimensions of Human Geography, Ed. K.W. Butzer. Research Papers, University of Chicago Department of Geography, No. 186 (1978): 1-14.

Comments on the infillings of various Old Babylonian and Kassite structures at Nippur. Oriental Institute Publications, The University of Chicago, 23 (1978): 188-190.

The late prehistoric environmental history of the Near East. In The Environmental History of the Near East, Ed. W. Brice. London: Methuen, 1978, pp. 5-12.

Perspectives on irrigation civilization in Pharaonic Egypt. In Immortal Egypt, Ed. D. SchmandtBesserat. Malibu CA: Undena Publications, 1978, pp. 13-18.


This is Indian Country: Fashioning the American landscape, 2. Geographical Magazine 52 (1979): 140-148.

Dating and context of rock engravings in southern Africa (with G.J. Fock, 1. Scott and R. Stuckemath). Science 203 (1979): 1201-1214.

Uranium-series dating of lacustrine limestones from pan deposits with Final Acheulian assemblage at Rooidam, Kimberly District, South Africa (with B.J. Szabo). Quaternary Research 11 (1979): 257-260.

Pleistocene history of the Nile Valley in Egypt and Lower Nubia. In The Sahara and the Nile, Eds. M.A.J. Williams and H. Faure. Rotterdam: Balkema, 1979, pp. 248-276.

Geomorphology and geo-archeology at Elandsbaai, western Cape, South Africa. Catena 6 (1979): 157-166.

Preliminary notes on the geology of Die KeIders. Annals, South African Museum 78 (1979): 225-228.

Klima. Lexikon der Agyptologie 3 (1979): 455-458.

Mareotis. Lexikon der Agyptologie 3 (1979): 1188-1190.

[With Rightmire, G. Philip, Peter B. Beaumont, Alan Bilsborough, Oliver Davies, Isaac J. Gilead, Colin P. Groves, W. W. Howells, F. J. Irsigler, Kubet Luchterhand, Harry V. Merrick, N. Rolland, Milan Thurzo, S. R. Wilson, and J. J. Wymer] Implications of Border Cave Skeletal Remains for Later Pleistocene Human Evolution [and Comments and Reply]. Current Anthropology 20, no. 1 (1979): 23-35.


Holocene alluvial sequences: Problems of dating and correlation. In Timescales in Geomorphology, Eds. R. Cullingford, D. Davidson and J. Lewin. London and New York: Wiley, 1980,pp. 131-141.

The Holocene lake plain of North Rudolf, East Africa. Physical Geography 1 (1980): 44-58.

Civilizations: Organisms or systems? American Scientist 68 (1980): 44-58; (reprinted in) Human Geography: An essential Anthology, eds. J. Agnew, D. N. Livingstone and A. Roger, pp. 268-281. Cambridge MA: Blackwell, 1996.

Context in archaeology: An alternative perspective. Journal of Field Archaeology 7 (1980): 417-422.

Volcanism in human history. Science 208 (1980): 736-737.

Adaptation to global environmental change. Professional Geographer 32 (1980): 269-278.

The Taung australopithecine: contextual evidence. Palaeontologia Africana 23 (1980): 59-60

Rock engravings and the Later Stone Age, northern Cape Province, South Africa: A multidisciplinary study. Proceedings, 8th Panafrican Congress of Prehistory and Quaternary Studies, Nairobi, 1977, pp. 311-313 (with G. J. Fock, L. Scott, and R. Stuckenrath). Nairobi: Louis Leakey Memorial Institute for African Prehistory, 1980.

Commentary on ochre in archeological sites. Current Anthropology 21 (1980): 635.

Investigacion preliminar sobra la geologia de la Cueva del Pendo. In El Yacimiento de EI Pendo, Ed. J. Gonzalez Echegaray. Madrid: Bibliotheca Prehistorica Hispana 17, 1980, pp. 199-213.

Impressions of the 6th Meeting of the Association of Spanish Geographers, Palma de Mallorca, October, 1979. Professional Geographer 32 (1980): 232-233.


Rise and fall of Axum, Ethiopia: A geo-archaeological interpretation. American Antiquity 46 (1981): 471-495.

Nil. Lexikon der Ägyptologie 4 (1981): 480-483.

Cave sediments, Upper Pleistocene stratigraphy, and Mousterian facies in Cantabrian Spain. Journal of Archaeological Science 9 (1981): 133-183.

[With Hayden, Brian, Sandra Bowdler,  Mark N. Cohen, Mark Druss, Robert C. Dunnell, Albert C. Goodyear, Donald L. Hardesty, Fekri A. Hassan, Johan Kamminga, Harry Lourandos, R. G. Matson, Philip Miller, G. C. Mohapatra, Per Persson, Richard Pittioni, Karel Valoch, J. J. Wymer, and David R. Yesner.] “Research and Development in the Stone Age: Technological Transitions among Hunter-Gatherers [and Comments and Reply].” Current Anthropology 22, no. 5 (1981): 519-48.


Palaeoecology of the African Continent (with H.B.S. Cooke). Cambridge History of Africa, Vol. 1 (1982): 1-69.

Klima, Umwelt und Menschwerdung. Kindlers Enzyklopädie der Mensch. Munich: Kindler, 1982, pp. 747-787.

Empires, capitals and landscapes of ancient Ethiopia. Archaeology 35(5) (1982): 30-37.

Kulturanspassung: eine Methode zur zeitlichen Untersuchung menschlicher Ökosysteme. Geographische Zeitschrijt 70 (1982): 261-272.

Geomorphology and sediment stratigraphy. In The Middle Stone Age at Klasies River Mouth in South Africa, Eds. R. Singer and J. Wymer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982, pp. 33-42.


Human response to environmental change in the perspective of future, global climate. Quaternary Research 19 (1983): 279-292.

Urban geo-archaeology in Medieval Alzira (prov. Valencia, Spain) (with I. Miralles and J.F. Mateu). Journal of Archaeological Science 10 (1983): 333-349;

Mesa redonda sobre el Quaternario. VI Coloquio de Geograjia, Palma de Mallorca 1979, pp. 683-702 (with J. Cuerda Barcelo). Palma: Asociacion de Geografos Espanoles, 1983.

Paleo-environmental perspectives on the Sahel drought 1968-73. Geo-Journal 7 (1983): 369-374.

Global sea level stratigraphy: An appraisal. Quaternary Science Reviews 2 (1983): 1-15.


Rotes Meer. Lexikon der Ägyptologie 5 (1984): 311-313.

Settlement geography. Lexikon der Ägyptologie 5 (1984): 924-933.

Shaduf. Lexikon der Ägyptologie 5 (1984): 520-521.

Archaeogeology and Quaternary environment in the interior of southern Mrica. In Southern African Prehistory and Paleo-Environments, Ed. R.G. Klein. Rotterdam: Balkema, 1984, pp. 1- 64.

Late Quaternary environments in South Africa. In Late Cainozoic Palaeoclimates of the Southern Hemisphere, Ed. J.C. Vogel. Rotterdam: Balkema, 1984, pp. 235-264.

Long-term Nile flood variation and political discontinuities in Pharaonic Egypt. In From Hunters to Farmers: Causes and Consequences of Food Production in Africa, Eds. J.D. Clark and S.A. Brandt. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984, pp. 102-112.


Irrigation agrosystems in eastern Spain: Roman or Islamic origins? (with E.K. Butzer, J.F. Mateu and P. Kraus). Annals, Association of American Geographers 75 (1985): 495-522; translated into Catalan in Afers: Fulls de Recerca i Pensament 7 (1989): 9-68.

La estratigrafia del nivel marino de Mallorca en una perspectiva mundial. In Geomorfologia Litoral y Cuaternario: Homenaje a Juan Cuerda, eds. V.M. Rossello, K.W. Butzer, and B. Barcelo. Valencia: Universidad de Valencia, 1985, pp. 17-33.

Una alqueria islamica medieval de la Sierra de Espadan (with E.K. Butzer, I. Miralles, and J.F. Mateu). Boletin, Sociedad Castellonense de Cultura 61 (1985): 305-365.


Paleolithic settlement and adaptation in Cantabrian Spain. Advances in World Archaeology 5 (1986): 201-252.

Westwuste. Lexikon der Ägyptologie 6 (1986): 1235-1238.

Wuste. Lexikon der Ägyptologie 6 (1986): 1292-1295.


A “marginality” model to explain major spatial and temporal gaps in the Old and New World Pleistocene settlement records. Geoarcheology: An International Journal 3 (1988): 193-203.

Diffusion, adaptation, and evolution of the Spanish agrosystem. In The Transfer and Transformation of Ideas and Material Culture, Eds. P.J. Hugill and D,B. Dickson. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1988, pp. 91-109.

Cattle and sheep from Old to New Spain: Historical antecedents. Annals, Association of American Geographers 78 (1988): 29-56.

Foreword to C. A. Hasdorf and V. S. Popper, eds. Current Paleoethnobotany, Chicago 1988, pp. ix-xii (with L. G. Freeman).

Foreword to S. A. Gregg, Foragers and Farmers, Chicago 1988, pp. xv-xviii (with L. G. Freeman).

Sedimentological interpretation of the Florisbad spring deposits, South Africa Palaeoecology of Africa 19 (1988): 181-189.


Origenes de la distribucion intercomunitaria del agua en la Sierra de Espadan (Pais Valenciano) (with E.K. Butzer). In Los Paisajes del Agua, Ed. V.M. Rossello. Valencia: Universidad de Valencia, 1989 pp, 229-238.

Historical archaeology of Medieval Muslim communities in the Sierra of Eastern Spain (with E.K. Butzer). In Medieval Archaeology, Ed. C.L. Redman. Binghamton: MRTS Press, 1989, pp.217-233.

Historical Queretaro: Interpretation of a Colonial city. In Field Trip Guide, 1989 Coriference of Latin Americanist Geographers, Queretaro, Mexico, pp. 1-28. Austin: University of Texas Dept. of Geography, 1989.

Haciendas, irrigation, and livestock. In Field Trip Guide, 1989 Conference of Latin Americanist Geographers, Queretaro, Mexico, pp. 89-122. Austin, 1989.

Cultural ecology. In Geography in America, Eds. G. Gaile and C. Wilmott, Columbus, OH: Merrill, 1989, pp. 192-208.

Rock art in the Vaal-Orange River Basin: an overview., In Felsbilder in Siidafrika (III), eds. GJ. Fock and D. Fock. Cologne: Biihlau, 1989, pp. 137-156.

Hartshorne, Hettner, and The Nature of Geography. In Reflections on Richard Hartshorne’s the Nature of Geography, Eds. J.N. Entrikin and S.D. Brunn. Washington, DC: Association of American Geographers, Occasional Paper 1, 1989, pp. 35-52.


The Indian legacy in the American landscape. In The Making of the American Landscape, Ed. M.P. Conzen. London: Unwin Hyman, 1990, pp. 27-50; (reprinted in) The American Cities and Technology Reader, ed. G. K. Roberts, pp. 3-16. London: Routledge 1998.

The realm of cultural-human ecology: adaptation and change in historical perspective. In The Earth as Transformed by Human Action, Eds. B.L. Turner et al. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990, pp. 685-701.

A human ecosystem framework for archeology. In The Ecosystem Approach in Anthropology: from Concept to Practice, Ed. E.F. Moran. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1990, pp. 91-130.


An Old World perspective on potential mid-Wisconsinian settlement of the Americas. In The First Americans, Eds. T.D. Dillehay and D.J. Meltzer. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 1991, 137-156.

Comments on “Documentation, analysis and interpretation”, South African Archaeological Bulletin, 46 (1991): 47-48.

Spanish colonization in the New World: Cultural continuity and change in Mexico. Erdkunde 45 (1991): 205-219.

Observations on the Acheulian occupation site of Ambrona (Soria Prov., Spain). Jahrbuch, Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum (Mainz) 38 (1991): 33-82 (with F. C. Howell, L. G. Freeman, and R. G. Klein).

Geoarchaeology. In Modern Geography: An Encyclopedic Survey, Ed. G. S. Dunbar, pp. 60-61. New York: Garland, 1991.

Cultural and environmental variables in the human ecosystem. In Arqueologfa: la huella del hombre en el ecosistema mediterraneo, Eds. K. W. Butzer and B. Marti, vol. 2, 6.1-26. Valencia: Universidad Intemacional Menendez Pelayo, 1991.

Archaeology, archives and environment in the Medieval settlement history of the Sierra de Espadan (with E. K. Butzer). In Arqueologia: La huella del hombre en el ecos mediterraneo, Eds. K. W. Butzer and B. Marti, vol. 2, 8.1-26. Valencia: Universidad Intemacional Menendez Pelayo, 1991.


The Americas before and after 1492: An introduction to current geographical research. Annals, Association of American Geographers 82 (1992): 345-368.

From Columbus to Acosta: Science, geography, and the New World. Annals, Association of American Geographers 82 (1992): 543-565.

Three indigenous maps from New Spain dated ca. 1580 (with B.J. Williams). Annals, Association of American Geographers 82 (1992): 536-542.

The Columbian Encounter and land-use change (with B.L. Turner II). Environment 34 (8) (1992): 16-20, 37-44.

Ethno-agriculture and cultural ecology in Mexico: Historical vistas and modern implications: Benchmark 1990, Conference of Latin Americanist Geographers 17-18 (1992): 139-152.

Spanish Conquest society in the New World: Ecological eadaptation and cultural transformation. In Person, Place, and Thing, Ed. S.T. Wong, Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University, Geoscience and Man 31, 1992, pp. 211-242.

Judgement or understanding? Reflections on 1492. Queen’s Quarterly: A Canadian Review 99 (1992): 581-600.

Castles on the Valencian border march. Bulletin of Middle East Medievalists 4(2) (1992): 17-19, 30,36.


No Eden in the New World. Nature 362 (1993): 15-17.

The Classical tradition. of agronomic science: Perspectives on Carolingian agriculture and agronomy. In Science in Western and Eastern Civilization, Eds. P.L. Butzer and D. Lohmann.
Basel: Birkhaeuser, 1993, pp. 539-596.

Arqueologfa urbana: Intervenciòn humana y respuesta ambiental. In Procesos Postdepositionales, Ed. F. Burrillo. Teruel: Colegio Universitario de Teruel, 1993, pp. 7-18.

Archaeology as human ecology. In Huaxia Archaeology 3(1993) 103-108 (In Chinese).

The sixteenth-century environment of the Central Bajio: Archival reconstruction from Colonial land grants and the question of Spanish ecological impact (with E.K. Butzer). In Culture, Form and Place, ed. K Matthewson. Baton Rouge, LA, Geoscience and Man 32,1993, pp. 89-124.


The Islamic traditions of agroecology: Cross-cultural experience, ideas, and innovation. Ecumene: A Journal of Environment, Culture, Meaning 1 (1994): 7-50.

Toward a new cultural curriculum for the future: A first approximation. In Re-Reading Cultural Geography, ed. KE. Foote, pp. 409-428. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1994.


The Columbian Encounter and environmental change (with B.L. Turner II), in Global Land Use Change, eds. B.L. Turner II and A. Gomez Sal, pp.1-25. Madrid: CSIC, 1995.

Transfer of the Mediterranean livestock economy to New Spain: Adaptation and ecological consequences (with E.K Butzer). In Global Land Use Change: A Perspective from the Columbian Encounter, eds. B.L. Turner II and A. Gomez Sal, pp.151-193. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Scientficas, 1995.

Biological transfer, agricultural change, and environmental implications of 1492. In International Germplasm Transfer–Past and Present, ed. R.R. Duncan. Madison, WI: Crop Science Society of America, 1995, pp.3-25.

Environmental change, climatic history, and human modification. In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J.M. Sasson. New York: Scribners, 1995, Vol. 1, pt. 2, pp.123-151.


Ecology in the long view: Settlement histories, agrosystemic strategies, and ecological performance. Journal of Field Archaeology 23 (1996): 141-150.

Irrigation, raised fields and state management: Wittfogel redux? Antiquity 70 (1996): 200-204.


Environmental archaeology. In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, ed. E.M. Meyers. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997, Vol.2, pp.244-252.

The “natural” vegetation of the Mexican Bajio: Achival documentation of a 16th century savarma environment (with E.K. Butzer). Quaternary International 43/44 (1997): 161-172.

Sociopolitical discontinuity in the Near East c. 2200 B.C.E.: Scenarios from Palestine and Egypt. In Third Millennium B.C. Abrupt Climatic Change and Old World Social Collapse, eds. N. Dalfes, G. Kukla, and H. Weiss, pp. 245-295. New York and Berlin: Springer, NATO ASI Series, 1997.

Wildlands and wilderness. In The Evolving Landscape: Homer Aschmann’s Geography, ed. M. J. Pasqualetti, pp. 353-370. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.


Settlement and ecology of New Spain’s northern frontier. Bajada: Joining Research and Management 6 (2) (1998): 1, 14-16.

Reasoning by analogy. In Human Choice and Climatic Change, eds. S. Rayner and E. L. Malone, Vol. 3, pp. 217-290 (with W. B. Meyer, T. E. Downing, B. L. Turner II, G. W. Wenzel and J. L. Wescoat). Columbus,OH. Batalle Press, 1998.

Late Quaternary Problems of the Egyptian Nile: Stratigraphy, Environments, Prehistory. Pateorient23.2 (1998): 151-73.


Articles in Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt, ed. K. A. Bard. London:
Routledge 1999:
Climate and Climatic History, pp. 195-198
Demography, pp. 250-252
Irrigation, pp. 381-183
Nile geological evolution, hydrology, and flood history, pp. 568-573
Subsistence and diet in Dynastic Egypt, pp. 752-753.

Technologia de irrigacion tlaxcalteca: Mito o realidad? In Constructores de la naciòn, ed. M.L Monroy Castillo, pp. 135-140. San Luis Potosi and Tlaxcala: Biblioteca Tlaxcalteca, 1999.

Pleistocene versus Holocene: Geomorphological change in a small but steep watershed of Mediterranean Spain (with J.F. Mateu). In Geoarqueologia i Quaternari Litoral (Memorial M.P. Fumanal), pp. 97-111. Valencia: Universidad de Valencia, 1999.


Les yeux ouverts. In Mémoires de géographes, eds. P. Gould and A. Bailly, pp. 43-78. Paris: Ed. Economica, 2000.

The human role in environmental history. Science 287 (2000) 2427-28.

Domestic architecture in early Colonial Mexico: Material culture as (sub) text (with E.K. Butzer). In Cultural Encounters with the Environment, eds. A. B. Murphy and D. L. Johnson, pp. 17-37. Lanham, MD: Rowan and Littlefield, 2000.

Field Trip Guide to Northern Mexico (Jan. 8-13, 2000), ed. with Elisabeth K. Butzer, Department of Geography, The University of Texas, Austin, for the Conference of Latin Americanist Geographers, 296 pp.


Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, ed, D, B. Redford, 2001: “Desert Environments” Vol. 1, pp, 385-89, “Irrigation,” Vol. 2, pp, 183-88, “Nile,” Vol. 2, pp, 543-51.

Coming full circle: Learning from the experience of emigration and ethnic prejudice. In Light from the Ashes, ed. P. Suedfeld, University of Michigan Press, 2001, pp, 361-398,

Human-environment relationships: Prehistoric, In International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, Amsterdam and New York, Elsevier, vol. 10,2001,7050-56,

Field Trip Guide “Community and ecology in the Sierra” (June 10,2001); “Sheep, wool towns, and agriculture” (June 11,2001); and “Meseta and coastal plain” (June 12,2001), with Elisabeth K. Butzer and Juan F. Mateu, Department of Geography, The University of Texas, Austin, for Conference of Latin Americanist Geographers 2001, 231 pp.

When the desert was in flood, ” Environmental history of the Giza Plateau, Newsletter, Ancient Egypt Research Associates 5(1) 2001: 3-6,

Center, periphery and back. In Geographical Voices: Fourteen autobiographical Essays, eds, p, Gould and F,R, Pitts, pp, 52-80. Syracuse, NY, Syracuse University Press, 2001,


Geoarchaeological implications of recent research in the Nile Delta, In Egypt and the Levant: Interrelations from the 4th through the early Third Millennium BCE, eds, E.C,M, Van den Brink and T.E. Levy, Leicester University Press, London and New York, 2002, pp, 83-97,

The rising cost of contestation, Annals, Association of American Geographers 92 (2002) 75-78,

French wetland agriculture in Atlantic Canada and its European roots: Different avenues in historical diffusion. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 92 (2002): pp, 451-470,

Extended review of Grove and Rackham, The Nature of Mediterranean Europe. In: Annals of the Association of American geographers 93 (2003), pp. 494-98,

Karl W. Butzer: Harassing refugee children. Reprinted in J.L. Granatstein and N. Hillmer, eds., First Drafts: Eyewitness Accounts from Canada’s Past, Toronto, Thomas Allen, 2002, pp. 290-91.


Mathematics at Charlemagne’s court and its transmission (P.L. Butzer first author). In Court Culture in the Early Middle Ages, ed. C. Cubitt, pp. 77-89. Turnhout (Belgium), Brepols, 2003.


Practicing geography in a totalitarian state: Re-casting Carl Troll as a Nazi collaborator? Die Erde (Berlin) 135 (2004) 223-231.

Irrigation. In Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World, ed. B. Fagan, pp. 97-100. London, Thames and Hudson, 2004.

Rock engravings pose enduring problems. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 14/1 (2004), pp. 117-119.

Coastal eolian sands, paleosols, and Pleistocene geoarchaeology of the Southwestern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science 31 (2004) 1743-81.


Livestock, land cover and environmental history: the Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia, 1820-1920 (with D. Helgren). Annals of the Association of American Geographers 95 (2005) 80-111.

Eolianites, beach sands, and paleosols at the Swartklip fossil site, southwestern Cape, South Africa, in E. Sanjaume and IF. Mateu, eds. Geomorfologia Litoral I Quaterrnari: Homenatge al prof V.M Rossello i Verger, Universitat de Valencia 2005, pp. 87-102.

Environmental history in the Mediterranean world: Cross-disciplinary investigation of causeand-effect for degradation and soil erosion, Journal of Archaeological Science 32 (2005) 1773-1800.


Obituary: F. Clark Howell (1925-2007) (with R.G. Klein). Journal of Archaeological Science 34 (2007): 1552-53.

Geoarchaeological approaches to the environmental history of Cyprus: Explication and critical evaluation (with Sarah Harris), Journal of Archaeological Science 34 (2007) 1932-5.


Soil-geomorphology and ‘wet’ cycles in the Holocene record of North-Central Mexico. (with J. Abbott, C.D. Frederick, P. H. Lehman, C.E. Cordova, and J.F. Oswald). Geomorphology 101 (2008): 237-277.

(P.L. Butzer, K.W. Butzer) Die Transmission von Wissenschaften und Ideen von Osten nach Westen im Zeitalter der Kreuzzüge, in M. Piana (ed.), Burgen und Städte der Kreuzzugszeit, M. Imhof Verlag, Petersberg (Germany) (2008): 89-100.

Challenges for a cross-disciplinary Geoarchaeology: The intersection between environmental history and geomorphology. Geomorphology 101 (2008): 402-411.

Personal recollections of Juan Cuerda: Friend, colleague, mentor. In G.X. Pons and D. Vicens (Eds.), Geomorfologia litoral i Quaternari, Monografias, Sociedad de Historia Natural de Baleares (Palma de Mallorca), 14 (2008): 25-35.

(P.F.Hudson,K.W.Butzer,T.Beach), Fluvial deposits and environmental history, Geomorphology, 101 (2008): xiii-xx.

Other perspectives on urbanism: Beyond the disciplinary boundaries. In Early Cities of the Old and New Worlds, J.M. Marcus and J. Sabloff (Eds.), (2008): 77-92. School for Advanced Research, Santa Fe NM.


Evolution of an interdisciplinary enterprise: the Journal of Archaeological Science at 35 years. Journal of Archaeological Science 36 (2009) 1842-1846.

Anthropology and Human Geography, International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, 1 (2009): 148-151.


Geoarchaeology, climate change, sustainability: a Mediterranean perspective, Geological Society of America, Special Paper 476 (2011): 1-14.


(Karl Butzer, Georgina Endfield) Critical perspectives on historical collapse, Proceedings, National Academy of Sciences, 109 (2012): 3628-3633.

Collapse, environment and society, Proceedings, National Academy of Sciences, 109 (2012): 3632-3639, SI: 10.1 073/pnas.1114845109//DC Supplemental 1-6.

Reply to Pearson and Pearson, Reflections on historical vs. contemporary information, Proceedings, National Academy of Sciences, 109 (2012): E2032.


(K.W. Butzer, E.K. Butzer, S. Love) Urban geoarchaeology and environmental history at the Lost City of the Pyramids, Giza: Synthesis and review, Journal of Archaeological Science 40 (2013): 3340-3356.


Anthropocene as an evolving paradigm. The Holocene (2015) vol. 25 1538-1541.

(Karl Butzer with John Oswald) Dry lakes or pans of the western Free State, South Africa :Environmental History of Deelpan and possible early human impacts. Palaeolecology of Africa, in print November 2015 16 pp

Landscapes and environmental history of Ancient Egypt: A critical review and prospectus. Denkschrift für Werner Kaiser, P. von Zabern Verlag, accepted and in proofs and press, late 2015, 32 pp.

Integrating geoarchaeology with archaeology for interdisciplinary understanding of scocietal-environmental relations. Accepted and in copyedit stage for Oxford University Press; Handbook edited by C. Isendahl and D. Stump.




Forschungen in der Zentralen Sahara, I. Klimageomorphologie (W. Meckelein). Geographical Journal 126 (1960): 220.

Aride und humide Jahreszeiten in Nordamerika (R. Jätzold). Geographical Journal 128 (1962): 535-536.

La Vendée littorale: Étude de géomorphologie (M. Ters). Geographical Review 53 (1963): 330-331.

Ägypten: Studienreisefiihrer mit Landeskunde (E. Brunner-Traut und V. Hell). Die Erde 94 (1963): 377-378.

Jung-Pleistozäne und Holozäne Landschaftsgeschichte des nördlichen Eurasiens (B. Frenzel). Erdkunde 18 (1964): 67-68.

Alluvial and palynological reconstruction of environments, Navajo Reservoir District (J. Schoenwetter and F.W. Eddy). American Antiquity 31 (1965): 287-288.

The Lower Jordan Valley (1. Schattner). Erdkunde 19 (1965): 79.

Le modélé des régions sèches (J. Tricart and A. Callieux). Erdkunde 19 (1965): 251.


Fortschritte der internationalen Hangforschung (P. Birot, P. Macar, und H. Mortensen, eds.). Die Erde 96 (1966): 56.

Die pleistozäne Klima-und Landschaftsentwicklung der nördlichen Po-Ebene im Lichte bodengeographischer Untersuchungen (0. Fränzle). Geographical Journal 132 (1966): 22.

The world of ancient Man: Early Man in his natural setting (1. W. Cornwall). Man 1 (1966): 251.

Die Niveauänderungen an den Küsten Kretas seit dem Altertum (D. Hafemann). Geographical Journal 133 (1967): 79.

The cycle of erosion in different climates (p. Birot). Professional Geographer 20 (1968): 451.

The palaeolithic of Tangier, Morocco: Excavations at Cape Ashakar, 1939-1947 (B. Howe, L.C. Briggs, and H. Hencken, eds.). American Anthropologist 70 (1968): 809-810.

Geography as Human Ecology: Methodology by Example (S.R. Eyre and G.R.J. Jones, eds.). American Anthropologist 70 (1968): 182.

Pleistocene mammals of Europe (B. Kurten). American Anthropologist 71(1969): 562-563.

The Mediterranean Valleys: Geological Changes in Historical Times (C. Vita-Finzi). Science 165 (1969) 52-53.

Radiometric dating for geologists (E. 1. Hamilton and R.M. Farquhar). Erdkunde 23 (1969): 244.

Glacial and periglacial geomorphology (C. Embleton and C.A. King). Professional Geographer 31 (1969): 56.


Weathering (C. Ollier). Professional Geographer 22 (1970): 107.

La Tunésie présaharienne: Étude géomorphologique (R. Coque). Professional Geographer 22 (1970): 108.

Grundziige der pleistozänen Vegetationsgeschichte Nord-Eurasiens (B. Frenzel). Geographical Journal 136 (1970): 291-292.

The Cambridge History of Iran, VoL l: The land of Iran (W.B. Fisher, ed.). American Anthropologist 72 (1970): 173-174.

Climate, Man and history (R. Claiborne). Natural History 79 (1970): 85.

Une cabane acheuléenne dans la Grotte du Lazaret (Nice-Alpes-Maritimes) (H. de Lumley). American Anthropologist 72 (1970): 1172-1173.

Prehistoric animals and their hunters (1. W. Cornwall). American Anthropologist 72 (1970): 933.


Fossil vertebrates of Africa (L.S.B. Leakey and RJ.G. Savage, eds.). Die Naturwissenschaften 58 (1971): 464.

Gebel Ben Ghnema und Nord-Tibesti: Pleistozäne Klima- und Kulturenfolge in der Zentralen Sahara (H. Ziegert). American Anthropologist 73 (1971): 431-432.


Aboriginal Man and environment in Australia (D.J. Mulvaney and J. Golson). American Anthropologist 74 (1972): 1526-1527.

Ice Ages: Their nature and effects (1. Cornwall). American Anthropologist 74 (1972): 137-138.\


Rebuttal to Ziegert’s reply, American Anthropologist 75 (1973): 610-611.

Climatic change and the Mill Creek culture of Iowa, 2 vols. (D.R Henning, ed.). The Plains Anthropologist 18 (1973): 253-255.

Models in archaeology (D.L. Clarke, ed.). Erasmus 25 (1973): 809-811.

Man, settlement and urbanism (P.J. Ucko, R Tringham, and G.W. Dimbleby, eds.). American Anthropologist 75 (1973): 1933-1936.

Introduction to Climatic Geomorphology. Annals of the Association of American Geographers (1973). 63, 4, 550-551


Late Pleistocene vertebrates from archaeological sites in the Plain of Kom Ombo, Upper Egypt (C.S. Churcher). Journal of Near Eastern Studies 33 (1974): 147-148.

The explanation of culture change: Models in prehistory (C. Renfrew, ed.). American Anthropologist 76 (1974): 940-943 (with D. Nobares).

Les bassins des fleuves Sénègal et Gambie: Étude géomorphologique (P. Michel). Professional Geographer 26 (1974): 330-331.

Geomorphology in deserts (R.U. Cooke and A. Wanen). Science 183 (1974): 1286.

The Ice Age in Britain (B.W. Sparks and R.G. West). Le Quaternaire (J. Chaline). Geographical Review 64 (1974): 439-440.


The prehistory and protohistory of India and Pakistan (R.D. Sankalia). Archaeology (1975): 141.


Archaeological sediments: A survey of analytical methods (M.L. Shackley). QuaternaryResearch 6 (1976): 322-323.

Structural geomorphology (J. Tricart). Professional Geographer 28 (1976): 203-204.

The environment of Early Man in the British Isles (J.G. Evans). American Scientist 64 (1976):347.


Soil science and archaeology (S. Limbrey). American Antiquity 42 (1977): 303-304.

Treasures of Tutankhamun (Museum Exhibit). American Anthropologist 79 (1977): 997-999 (with E. K. Butzer).


The food crisis in prehistory: Overpolulation and the origins of agriculture (M.N. Cohen). Annals, Association of American Geographers 68 (1978): 125-127.

Where hunters gathered: A study of Holocene Stone Age people in the Eastern Cape (HJ. Deacon). Human Ecology 6 (1978): 111-115.

Geoarchaeology: Earth science and the past (D.A. Davidson and M.L. Shackley, eds.). American Anthropologist 80 (1978): 468-469.


Geomorphology and time. (l B. Thomes and D. Brunsden). Die Erde 110 (1979): 56-57.rece

Ägypten: Das alte Kulturland am Nil auf dem Weg in die Zukunft (H. Schamp, ed.). GeoJournal3 (1979): 504.

The prehistory and palaeogeography of the Great Indian Desert (B. Allchin, A. Goudie, and K. Hegde). South African Archaeological Bulletin 34 (1979): 71.

Tell el-Dab’a II: Der Fundort im Rahmen einer archäologisch-geographischen Untersuchung über das ägyptische Ostdelta (M. Bietak). Journal of Near Eastern Studies 38 (1979): 61-63.

Lindenmeier, 1934-1974: Concluding report on investigations (E.N. Wilmsen and F.H.H. Roberts). Journal of Archaeological Science 6 (1979): 397-398.

Pre-Hispanic Maya agriculture (P.D. Harrison and B.L. Turner II). Journal of Archaeological Science 6 (1979): 398.

Geological background to fossil Man: Recent research in the Gregory Rift Valley, East Africa (W.W. Bishop, ed.). Journal of Geology 87 (1979): 733-734.

Water and tribal settlement in south-east Arabia (J.C. Wilkinson). Erasmus 31 (1979): 125-128 (with E.K. Butzer).


Historical archaeology: A structural approach to an African culture (P.R. Schmidt). GeoJournal 4 (1980): 96.

Climatic change and variability: A southern perspective (A.B. Pittock et aI., eds.). Professional Geographer 32 (1980): 115.

The Shaiqiya: The cultural and social change of a northern Sudanese riverine people (R.Ibrahim). GeoJournal4 (1980): 291.

An archaeological investigation on the Loboi Plain, Baringo District, Kenya (W.R Farrand, RW. Redding, M.W. Wolpoff, and H.T. Wright). Quaternary Research 13 (1980): 138-139.

Ice Ages: Solving the mystery (J. Imbrie and K. Palmer Imbrie). Geographical Review 70 (1980): 244-45.


Geography and soil properties (A.F. Pitty). Geographical Review 71 (1981): 357-58.

Traces of the past: A field guide to industrial archaeology (D. Weitzman). Science Books and Films 17 (1981): 30.

Axum (Y. M. Kobischchanov). American Anthropologist 83 (1981): 925-926.

The prehistory of Europe (P. Phillips). Science Books and Films 16 (1981): 151-152.

The environment in British prehistory (LG. Simmons and M.J. Tooley). American Scientist 69 (1981): 681-682.

Land, man and sand: Desertification and its solution (J. Walls). Economic Geography 51 (1981): 288-289.

Human ecology in savanna environments (D.R Harris, ed.). Annals, Association of American Geographers 71 (1981): 612-613.

Archaeological sites in their setting (C. Vita-Finzi). American Antiquity 46 (1981): 225-226.


Environmental archaeology (M. Shackley). Professional Geographer 34 (1982): 461.


The archaeology of Beringia (F.H. West). Science Books and Films 18 (1983): 271.

Man and environmental processes (K.J. Gregory and D.E. Walling); Geomorphological processes (E. Derbyshire, KJ. Gregory and J.H. Hails);

Processes in geomorphology (C. Embleton and J. Thomes, eds.); Timescales in geomorphology (RA. Cullingford, D.A. Davidson and J. Lewin, eds.). Geographical Review 72 (1982): 465-467.

Siedlungsfunde aus dem frühen Alten Reich in Giseh: Österreichische Ausgrabungen 1971-75. (K. Kromer). Journal of Near Eastern Studies 41 (1982): 140-141.

The Navajo Atlas: Environments, resources, people and history of the Dime Bikeyah (J.M. Goodman). Geographical Magazine (1983): 381-382.

The geological evolution of the River Nile (R. Said). GeoJournal Supplementary Issue 4 (1983): 106-107.

Excavating in Egypt: The Egyptian Exploration Society, 1882-1982 (T.G.H. James). Journal of Archaeological Science 10 (1983): 303-304.

Meadowcroft: Collected papers on the archaeology of Meadowcroft Rockshelter and the Cross Creek drainage (RM. Carlisle and J.M. Adovasio, eds.). Journal of Archaeological Science 10 (1983): 308.

Handbook on soil resistivity surveying: Interpretation of data from earthen archaeological sites (C. Carr). Journal of Archaeological Science 10 (1983): 305-306.

Multidisciplinary research at Grasshopper Pueblo, Arizona (W.A. Longacre, SJ. Holbrook, and M.W. Graves, eds.). Journal of Archaeological Science 10 (1983): 549-550.


Man, a geomorphological agent: An introduction to anthropic geomorphology (D. Nir). Annals, Association of American Geographers 74 (1984): 647-648.

Die Erforschung der antiken Oase von Marib mit Hilfe geomorphologischer Untersuchungsmethoden (U. Bruuner). Geographica Helvetica 39 (1984): 206.


Late Quaternary environments of the United States (S.C. Porter and H.E. Wright, 2 vols.). Journal of Archaeological Science 12 (1985): 81-82.

Quaternary extinctions: A prehistoric revolution (eds. P .S. Martin and RG. Klein). American Anthropologist 87 (1985): 976-78

Geomorphology of Europe (C. Embleton, ed.). Professional Geographer 37 (1985): 115-116.

Quaternary coastlines and marine archaeology (P.M. Masters and N.C. Flemming). American Journal of Archaeology 89 (1985): 524-526.

Village ethnoarchaeology: Rural Iran in archaeological perspective (C. Kramer). Journal of Archaeological Science 12 (1985): 162.

The ecosystem concept in anthropology (E.F. Moran, ed.). Quarterly Review of Biology 60 (1985): 119-120.


Human ecology: The story of our place in Nature from prehistory to the present (B. Campbell). American Scientist 74 (1986): 437-38.

Physische Geographie der Trockengebiete (H. Mensching). GeoJournal12 (1986): 345-346.

Geographia y medio ambiente (M. Valenzuela Rubio, ed.). Professional Geographer 38 (1986): 127.

Geomorphology (R.J. Chorley, S.A. Schumm, and D.E. Sugden). Progress in Physical Geography 10 (1986): 292-293.

Reconstructing Quaternary Environments (IJ. Lowe and M.IC. Walker)/ /Quaternary Palaeoclimatology (R.S. Bradley). Journal of Archaeological Science 134 (1986): 503-504.

Archaeological geology (G. Rapp and J.R. Gifford, eds.). American Journal of Archaeology 90 (1986): 348-349.


Das Klima der Schweiz von 1525-1860 und seine Bedeutung in der Geschichte von Bevölkerung und Landwirtschaft (C. Pfister), Academia Helvetica, P. Haupt, Bern, 2 vol. American Historical Review 92 (1987) 160-161.

Prehistoric farming in Europe (G. Barker). Journal of Interdisciplinary History 18 (1987): 132-134.

Proceedings, VII th Conference, Southern African Society for Quaternary Research (H.J.Deacon, ed.). Geoarchaeology 2 (1987): 243-245.

Using environmental archaeology (M. Shackley). American Journal of Archaeology 91 (1987):330-331.


The geoarchaeology of Whitewater Draw, Arizona (M.R. Waters). American Anthropologist 90 (1988): 175-176.

Western Europe: A systematic human geography (B.W. Ilbery). Rural Sociology 53 (1988): 523-24.

The evolution of human societies (A.W. Johnson and T. Earle). Economic Geography 64 (1988): 202-203.

Arthur Donaldson Smith and the exploration of Lake Rudolf (P.l Imperato). African Arts UCLA 22 (1988): 96-97.


Regional dynamics: Burgundian landscapes in historical perspective (C.L. Crumley and W.R. Marquardt, eds.). Geoarchaeology 5 (1990): 191-193.

Prehistory of Arid North Africa (ed. A.E. Close). American Antiquity 55 (1990): 202-203.

Monte Verde: A Late Pleistocene settlement in Chile I: Palaeoenvironment and site context (T.D. Dillehay). Geoarchaeology 6 (1990): 187-190.


Packrat middens: The last 40,000 years of biotic change (L. Betancourt, T.R. VanDevender and T.S. Martin, eds.). Journal ofField Archaeology 18 (1991): 394-397.

Conceptual issues in environmental· archaeology (J L. Bintliff, D.A. Davidson and E.G. Grant,eds.). American Anthropologist 93 (1991): 240.\


Emerging complexity: The later prehistory of South-East Spain, Iberia, and the west Mediterranean (R. Chapman). Progress in Human Geography 16 (1992): 434-35.


Roman Spain: Conquest and assimilation (L.A. Curchin). American Historical Review 98 (1993): 1217.


Die rezente Umwelt von Tall Seh Hamad (R. Kühne). Biblioteca Orientalis 51 (1994): 160-162.

A history of Ancient Egypt (N. Grimal). American Historical Review 99 (1994): 204-205.

Risk and survival in ancient Greece (T.W. Gallant). Annals, Association of American Geographers 84 (1994): 748-749.


Global and regional climate interaction (S.N. Rodionov). GeoJournal35 (1995): 470.


Human impacts on the environment: Ancient roots, current challenges (lE. Jacobson and 1 Firor, eds.). Ethnohistory 43 (1996): 175-177.

Archaeology, volcanism and remote sensing in the Arenal Region, Costa Rica (p.D. Sheets and B.R. McKee, eds.). Professional Geographer 48 (1996): 233-234.

The decline of Iranshar: Irrigation and environments in the history of the Middle East, 500 B.C. to A.D. 1500 (P. Christensen). American Historical Review 101 (1996): 1252-1253.

The mountains of the Mediterranean World: An environmental history (J.R. McNeill). Annals, Association of American Geographers 86 (1996): 780-782.


Medieval agriculture and Islamic science: The Almanac of a Yemeni Sultan (D.M. Varisco). Annals, Association of American Geographers 87 (1997): 186-87.


The Islamic Middle East: An historical anthropology (C. Lindholm). Journal of Historical Geography 24 (1998): 226-227.


Alluvial geoarchaeology: Floodplain archaeology and environmental change (A.G. Brown). Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 6 (2000): 326-27.

“Fame, fossils, and science in modem Africa”, review of Adventures in the Bone Trade (J.Kalb), in Austin American-Statesman, Dec.17, 2000.


Over Land and Sea: Memoir of an Austrian Rear Admiral’s Life in Europe and Africa (eds. R.E. Coons, P.J. Imperato and J.W. Aldrick). African Studies Review 44 (2001) 169-70.


Droughts, food, and culture: Ecological change and food security in Africa’s later prehistory (F.A. Hassan, ed.). The Holocene 14 (2002) 313-14.


Gardens of New Spain (W.W. Durnnire). Geographical Review 94 (2005) 405·07


People and Nature: An introduction to human ecological relations (E.F. Moran) (2006). Journal of Anthropological Research 63 (2007) 299-300.


Soils and Societies: Perspectives from Environmental History (J.R. McNeill and V. Winiwarter, eds.). Agricultural History Review (2007) 141-42.


Understanding the Cultural Landscape (B. Wallach), Progress in Human Geography 32 (2008) 316·317.


Global Environmental History (I.G. Simmons) 2009. Journal of Historical Geography (2009) doi. 10.1016/j.jhg.009.06.011.


Prehispanic Settlement Patterns in the northwestern Basin of Mexico (J.F. Parsons) 2012, Journal of Historical Geography doi. 10.1016/j.h.g. 2012.11.010.

African Palaeoenvironments and geomorphic Landscape Evolution (J. Runge, ed., 30 2012, Palaeo-Ecology of Africa, A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam and New York, 2012. The Holocene 22 (2012): 264.