Report on Visit – Jörg Weilhartner

(Original post from 2008. -Ed.)

Jörg Weilhartner visited PASP and UT Classics from October 25th to November 22nd and worked on the Mycenaean material. He holds a research fellowship at the University of Salzburg/Department of Classical and Aegean Archaeology, funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF).

Jörg reports:

My research at PASP focused on my work concerning a structural analysis of the Linear B logograms and abbreviations. This work benefited greatly from the rich inventory of the library housed at PASP including publications (including offprints from many decades back) which are not easy to access elsewhere and an archive of photos in the scale 1:1 of all Linear B tablets. Additional support was provided by the kind courtesy of Tom Palaima and his readiness to furnish me with a lot of files that are of invaluable help for further research. Next to my proper research I took the unique advantage of reading the correspondence of Alice E. Kober and Emmett L. Bennett that gives insight into the crucial state immediately before the decipherment on a very personal and touching level.

In addition, I participated in the teaching of the Mycenaean seminar and offered two seminar sessions on Mycenaean religion and on the logograms and abbreviations of the Linear B script. This afforded an opportunity to share and discuss ideas on Mycenaean topics with Tom and his graduate students. I also offered a general talk to the classics department and related faculty on Arthur Evans’ contribution to the understanding of Linear B and I attended Prof. Thür’s talk about Law in the New Hypereides Fragment.

During my stay I met at length with Tom Palaima and Cynthia Shelmerdine to discuss my work and many other Mycenaean topics for which I am very grateful. I also met with Mary Jane Cuyler to discuss possible patterns within the abbreviations.

The general life , and weather, in Austin was wonderful. Everyone was welcoming, and I have good memories of American Halloween, the Austin parks and botanical gardens, and dinners with faculty and students.

I am much obliged to Tom Palaima and his students and the staff of the Classics Department at UT Austin for providing a pleasant stay and an unforgettable experience.

Brooke Rich, Alissa Stoimenoff, and Jörg

Dygo Tosa, Jörg, and Abigail Turner

Jörg, Mary Jane Cuyler, and Tom

Jörg and Mary Jane Cuyler

Jörg and Tom

Jörg and Tom

Jörg, Tom, and the Linear B seminar

Report on Visit – Carlos Varias Garcia

(Original post from 2008. -Ed.)

Already this past summer for the entire month of May, 2008, Carlos Varias Garcia worked on the Mycenae material in PASP, in moving further along on what will be his definitive monograph on those texts.

Tom Palaima, Carlos Varias Garcia, Carolyn Palaima at the Cactus Cafe to hear legendary Texas singer songwriter Billy Joe Shaver. Note that Carlos is wearing a reminder that pickin’ and singin’ started with Homer.

Report on Visit – Alison Fell

(Original post from 2005. -Ed.)

Alison Fell, A.H.R.C Research Fellow, Middlesex University, London, U.K.

Alison Fell is a Scottish novelist and poet currently based in London, U.K. She has publsihed 7 novels, 4 poetry collections and 3 anthologies of experimental fiction. She has been a Writing Fellow in Sydney, Australia, and at the University of East Anglia, University College London, Middlesex University and from September 2006 will be Royal Literary Fund Fellow at the Courtauld Institute of Art. She has read her work all over the U.K., and on British Council and publishers tours of Canada, the U.S., Australia, Germany, The Netherlands and Italy. Her literary archive was acquired by the National Library of Scotland in 2005.

Her novels cover a wide range of themes, from ‘The Pillow Boy of the Lady Onogoro’, set at the Heian Court of 11th century Japan, to ‘The Mistress of Lilliput’, a Swiftian satire featuring Mrs. Gulliver’s travels, and the prize-wining ‘Mer de Glace’, a modern tragedy on mountaineering themes set in the French Alps. Her most recent novel is ‘Tricks of the Light’, and her most recent poetry collection is ‘Lightyear’, which tracks the calendar changes of time and the elements in an exploration of the fundamental links between humans and nature.

‘Deciphering the Decipherers’

For the last three years I have held a Research Fellowship at Middlesex University, funded by the U.K. Arts and Humanities Research Council. During this time I have been researching and writing a novel around themes of decipherment. A major aspect of this work – and the one which brought me to PASP in the spring of 2005 – has been my attempt to decipher the brief and brilliant life of Alice E. Kober.

Before coming down to Austin I spent time in public archives in New York City, where I managed to uncover hitherto unknown details of Kober’s life and family circumstances, some of which were touching to say the least. The 1930 Census, for instance, shows the Kober family living in a block of 6 storey tenements in the South Bronx, which housed 48 families in each block. Across the landing lived a family of Italian immigrants with 5 daughters and 2 sons – in no more than 2 rooms, one imagines! No wonder, then, that Alice developed superhuman powers of concentration. Another riveting document was the Passenger Manifest of the ‘Statendam’, on which the Kobers sailed from Europe in May 1906. This revealed that Katarina, Alice’s mother, must have been pregnant when she set out – so Alice was conceived in Hungary and born in Manhattan., a true child of the New World.

Research for a novelist is rather different from scholarly research, and while I have great admiration for Alice Kober’s contribution to Linear B scholarship, my search has necessarily focussed more on character, motivation, background, and any life-details that can be gleaned from records, correspondence, or personal reminiscences. At PASP Tom Palaima kindly gave me full access to all the Kober materials. I was able to see the famous ‘cigarette carton’ files in which Alice catalogued the L.B. signs and sign-groups, and even to watch Sue Trombley at work with a sable paintbrush, flicking the dried skeletons of silverfish from the fragile yellowed paper. I pored over her Hunter College reports – straight As in Maths, Greek, Latin and German, Ds in Gym: not a Jock, then – and pounced on visual descriptions in a personal memoir written by one of Kober’s ex-Brooklyn College students, Eva Brann. I also read Kober’s unpublished monograph on the element ‘Inth’ in Greek, a manuscript whose margins are packed with the noted comments of those scholars whose opinions Alice most prized – Johannes Sundwall, for instance, and John Franklin Daniel, editor of The American Journal of Archaeology, and mentor and friend to Alice. One of my aims in visiting PASP was to access Kober’s correspondence with Daniel. (My novelist’s nose, I expect, always seeking evidence of relationship). When the file – which had been mislaid for some years – turned up, among the items therein was an early student notebook from the University of Pennsylvania, which we couldn’t at first attribute, as both Kober and Daniel had connections with the University – Daniel was awarded his PhD on the Cypro-Minoan scripts in 1941, and Kober attended Professor Speiser’s courses in Old Persian and Akkadian that same summer.Finally Tom Palaima’s graphology skills pinned the handwriting down as Daniel’s.

Previous to my visit, I had acquired copies of Kober’s correspondence from the archives of the Guggenheim Foundation, and also from the U. of Pennsylvania Museum, where in 1948 J.F. Daniel was planning to set up a Minoan Script Research Centre, which Alice Kober was to direct. (Something which sadly never came to be, owing to Daniel’s sudden death in Turkey in the December of that year, at the age of 38.) Those letters have filled some sequential gaps in the PASP collection, just as the Daniel correspondence and other items from PASP have filled gaps in mine. All the materials – addresses, certificates, etc – unearthed in the New York archives are now documented at PASP, complete with microfilm roll-numbers. I hope this material will help other scholars and biographers, and contribute to the overall picture of Alice Kober and the forces that formed her, not just as a scholar, but as a woman.

Since PASP is so clearly an archive of international importance, I was dismayed to discover that these days University funding passes on by without a second glance, alighting graciously on Petrochemical Sciences or Information Technology. In the heart of Bush country, does Mycenology stand a chance? Perhaps, as Tom Palaima remarked – not entirely in jest – the only answer is a return to the Monastery system. Certainly what stays in my mind from that final Saturday at PASP is an image of the three of us beavering away, monkish, among the cramped shelves. The fledgeling Alice Kober Fan Club, gossiping about our girl as though she were still alive and kicking. It’s a club that deserves more members.

Alison Fell July 2006

Report on Visit – José Luis García Ramón

(Original post from 2005. -Ed.)

José Luis García Ramón, Professor of Comparative Indo-European Linguistics at the Universität zu Köln, visited PASP and UT Classics for two weeks October 29-November 12.

Professor García Ramón offered four seminar sessions in Tom Palaima’s Mycenaean seminar on the following topics:

Mycenaean onomastics: Personal names (and oxen names).

  • Recognition, interpretation.
  • Greek personal names: Word formation.
  • Greek personal names: Meaning, naming motives.
  • Personal names and Mycenaean society.
  • Personal names and Greek Poetry
  • Oxen names.

Mycenaean onomastics: Religious names

  • Recognition, interpretation.
  • Formal aspects.
  • Mycenaean religious names attested in 1st millenium.
  • Mycenaean religious names not attested in 1st millenium.

Mycenaean onomastics: Geographical names

  • Recognition, interpretation.
  • Mycenaean place names and 1st millenium place names.
  • Greek place names: word formation.
  • Greek place names: meaning, naming motives.
  • Non-Greek geographical names: word formation.
  • Place names and Greek prehistory.

Mycenaean Onomastics: the new Theban Texts.

He also offered a departmental colloquium entitled:

“The Mycenaean Bechtel: New Developments in Early Greek Onomastics.”

José Luis offered an extra evening seminar on Greek dialects, and joined Prof. Palaima in offering a final special two-hour seminar on Interpretations of the Thebes Tablets.

José Luis also met at length with:

(1) dissertators Dimitri Nakassis (Pylian Prosopography and Agency Theory) and Stephie Nikoloudis (the Mycenaean ra-wa-ke-ta) to discuss problems relating to their research work;
(2) discuss with Dimitri Nakassis and Joanne Gulizio their article in progress on Greek and non-Greek deities;
(3) Prof. Paula Perlman to discuss Cretan historical dialect issues and inscriptions;
(4) Profs. Carole Justus and Sara Kimball, and Prof. Emeritus Winfred Lehmann to discuss Hittite and Indo-European matters; and he attended Prof. Bridget Drinka’s talk at the UT Linguistics Circle.

Despite such a rigorous academic schedule, José Luis managed to:

(1) visit San Antonio;
(2) examine items in the forthcoming Harry Ransom center Exhibition on “Technologies of Writing”;
(3) attend a UT women’s basketball game (where he learned the Hook ‘Em Horns sign that he cannot use in his native country unless he wants to start a fight);
(4) sit with Clifford Antone and blues piano legend Pinetop Perkins listening to Alvin Crow and his band and club owner James White perform hard core country music at the Broken Spoke;
(5) hear Ruthie Foster, Sara Brown, Carolyn Wonderland and Cindy Cashdollar perform women’s blues at Antone’s;
(6) catch another evening of Austin music at the Continental Club.

José Luis’s stay at Adams House B&B in Hyde Park placed him in a warm and friendly and attentive atmosphere.

We thank Richard Lariviere, dean of Liberal Arts, for supporting our distinguished visiting scholar program. Special thanks to Leslie Crooks in the dean’s office, Classics department administrative associate Stephanie Scott, Kurt Heinzelman and Elizabeth Garver of the Harry Ransom Center, Stephie Nikoloudis of PASP, associate athletics director Chris Plonsky, and Classics chairperson Cynthia Shelmerdine.

Thanks also to Christina Skelton for taking photos.

Report on the Activities at PASP – José Melena

(Original post from 1999. -Ed.)

University of Texas at Austin
October 16 – November 5, 1999

The staying at the PASP premises followed the kind invitation of its director, Professor Thomas G. Palaima, to do work there and the invitation from the Department of Classics to participate in the teaching of a seminar on Mycenaean Greek religious texts.

Research in PASP was devoted to three points:

  1. the presentation of the results of the reconstruction work on Mycenaean tablets from Knossos and Pylos;
  2. the search for early material concerning the Knossos tablets in the PASP files; and
  3. the discussion and interchange of ideas on Mycenaean topics with scholars and students.

My visit also furnished the opportunity to assist with the organization of the CIPEM Conference in May, 2000, the planned related Exhibition on Old and New World Writing, the publication both of the Proceedings of the Conference, and the publication of the fourth volume of the Palace of Nestor, with the editio maiorof the Pylos tablets. Discussions were held with the Benson Library Staff, and the University of Texas Press, accordingly.

A scale model of the Archive Rooms 7 and 8 at Pylos was constructed with the aid of a member of PASP, Kevin Pluta, and is now deposited in the PASP premises as a paedagogical tool for envisaging further research on the recovering of the original arrangement of the tablets in the shelves and bench.

a)    The presentation of the results of the reconstruction work on Mycenaean tablets from Knossos and Pylos was done by means of participating in the Seminar GK 390 (Fall 1999) «Greek Religion: Linear B» on October 27th, with the talk «Mycenaean Religious Texts: The Significance of New Joins and Readings», with a special bearing on the new evidence concerning the god Dionysos at Pylos, and the religious interpretation of the Qa series and its logogram *189, as ‘hides from sacrificial victims’.
On October 29th a more general presentation for the Faculty of Classics was given, in the framework of Classics Colloquia, on «Reconstructing the Archives at Knossos and Pylos».
On November 3rd, some additional topics, pertaining mainly to Mycenaean sealings, were addressed during the Seminar GK 390 (in which I also participated for the first time on October 20th, when the discussion was the textual evidence for later Greek hieros and related terms.
All the presentations were supported with plenty of slides on Mycenaean records, a series of duplicates of which is now deposited at PASP for teaching purposes.

b)    The search for early material concerning the Knossos tablets in the PASP files was prompted by the existence of the files formed by Alice Kober’s material reinforced by the seminal material gathered by Emmett L. Bennett on the occassion of his visits to Heraklio, Crete, in 1950 and 1954.
It was possible, therefore, to determine that much of the material classified as agrapha and published by John T. Killen and Jean-Pierre Olivier from 1962 onwards was already known and photographed by Professor Bennett in 1950 and mainly in 1954, but never edited after. This new evidence has an enormous bearing on the reconstruction of the museological stories of the fragments and ultimately for the determination of the find-spots of the tablets. Accordingly, a systematic search for photographs of agrapha was done by reviewing every slip in the files, without having completed it. Subsequent study will reveal if further search is required or punctual needed information can be supplied by means of e-mails and photocopies.
A main aim of the search was the gathering of evidence concerning the fragments transcribed for the first time by E. L. Bennett in 1950 (5000-6068), for which a revision of every concerned slip with references to the negatives of 1950 and 1954 (now destroyed because of the self-combusting nature of nitrate) was done for a cross-checking with the only extant concordance by E. L. Bennett of the 1954 material, still to be done. Such a work was done on behalf of the study in progress carried by Richard Firth, Bristol, and will be eventually published in Minos along with the acknowledgment to the PASP for having provided the means for completing it.
It was possible to ascertain also the steps of Bennett’s work in 1950 and 1954, sometimes complemented with the oral information provided by Bennett himself who visited the PASP from October 26-29.

  1. ELB controlled in 1950 for the first time after the WW II the Linear B material from Knossos deposited at the Museum of Heraklion, and discovered a good number of tablets not recorded by Evans and therefore not included in the final draft of SCRIPTA MINOA II. ELB claims that he copied and transcribed the 5000-6068 fragments, numbered them, and photographed them at the last moment.
  2. Nevertheless, a close examination of the 1950 photographs shows that no numbering was done before the photographs were taken, and even that there were two phases in the photographing:
    Thus negatives A and B were taken first, but there was a third phase of photographs -negative C- which discloses joins of A-B independent pieces.
  3. That no numbering was inked in 1950 is reinforced by the existence of a series of detail photographs -no references- taken in 1954, in which there are no numbers on the spots where the number does appear in subsequent photographs.
  4. The inking of numbers was done during 1954 as clearly proved by the instances of numbering of joined pieces, very often with the only number in the ‘wrong’ component of the resulting piece.
  5. The final photographic coverage of the pieces in 1954, with the numbers already inked on them, is extant in what is called Thermofax (exposure 2 minutes, Intensity 10, Magnification 7x) from negatives no. 8.7 to 11, with individuals referred by means of a slant (/) followed by number.

A great part of the Thermofax positives was cut down and glued onto slips and filed, but there is a paste-up with the remains concerning the 5000-6068 fragments, which, along with the Concordance and the notes taken in the revision, will aid to establish the former groupings of tablets.
All the new evidence will be introduced in the magnetic Corpus KTTcolor and exploited for determining the find-spots.

c)    The discussion and interchange of ideas on Mycenaean topics with scholars and students, so enriching to the Visitor, covered a lot of topics. The PASP visit provided the best opportunity for discussing with Professor Emmett L. Bennett the last pending questions on the establishment of the final text of the Pylos Tablets. Along the same lines, further examination of the Pylos Mb and Mn tablets was done at the suggestion of Professor Cynthia W. Shelmerdine, with the gain in improving readings. Professor Cynthia W. Shelmerdine has now joined to the Editorial Team and a determination of her task was outlined as well as the way and rhythm of her contribution to the Corpus.
Likewise, the frame for future collaboration with PASPian Kevin Pluta in order to build a model for the original arrangement of the tablets at the Archive from the spilling charts of the documents, was also established with profit.
Last, but not least, intense and fluid communication of the Visitor with Professor Palaima on many topics resulted not only in an enrichment of the Visitor’s knowledge, but also led to the discovery of a Bronze Age bronze dagger from Luristan on display, along with a diminutive case with a series of amazing dressed fleas, at the Buckhorn Museum, San Antonio, Texas.

Vitoria, November 11th, 1999
José L. Melena

Five-year Report 1996-2001

As suggested by the resolution of CIPEM at the 8th International Mycenological Colloquium in Ohrid, Yugoslavia, in 1985, the Program in Aegean Scripts and Prehistory at the University of Texas at Austin has made brief reports on its activities at subsequent colloquia. During the period 1996-2001, PASP has continued its mission to serve as a center for the study of Mycenaean, Minoan and Cypriote texts, languages and cultures.

Six main areas of concentration during the last four years were:

  1. preparation for the 11th International Colloquium held May 7-13, 2000;
  2. mounting of the related exhibition on the lives and work of Michael Ventris and Linda Schele and their collaborators and the decipherment of Mayan and Mycenaean writing (March 9-August 1, 2000 in the Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries UT Austin) and its accompanying catalogue;
  3. acquisition of materials pertaining to the work of early researchers in the field of Mycenaean studies and work upon this material;
  4. a: continuation of the revived analytical bibliography Studies in Mycenaean Inscriptions and Dialect, for which during this period volumes covering 1982-83 and 1994-95 have appeared and the volume for 1996-97 is in press and due June 2001.
    b: an on-line version of the data in the PASP SMID volumes is imminent.
  5. helping in the production of Palace of Nestor IV, the definitive corpus volume of the Pylos texts, under the direction of José L. Melena, and with the assistance of E.L. Bennett, Jr., J. Bennet, R. Firth, T.G. Palaima, R. Palmer, K. Pluta, C.W. Shelmerdine.
  6. scholarly and professional work by the director, by visiting scholars, and by graduate students participating in the program.

The director of PASP also continues to serve as co-editor of Minos and as its book review editor, as US representative on CIPEM, as a Mitglied of the Mycenaean Commission of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. He served 1996-2000 on the executive committee of the Managing Committee of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens and on the editorial board of the Spanish journal of classical philology Faventia. PASP also continues to cooperate in the publication of Aegaeum, and PASP has much-appreciated exchanges of publications with ISMEA in Rome, the Institute of Classical Studies University of London, the Department of Antiquities in Cyprus, and Ziva Antika in Skopje.

During the period 1996-2001, PASP was paid extended visits by Artemis Karnava (March-May 1998) Ilse Schoep and Jan Driessen (April 1998) and by José Melena (October-November 1999). They participated in ongoing seminars on Linear B economy and administration and on Mycenaean Greek religious texts and did their own research with the archives and reference materials in PASP. We append here the official report by Melena of the results of his stay. Karnava’s work is embodied in her completed PH.D. thesis The Cretan Hieroglyphic Script of the Second Millennium BC: Description, Analysis, Function and Decipherment Perspectives (Brussels, 2000).

Regarding (2) and (3) the results were seen physically in the exhibition and the catalogue. Both were made possible with funding from the Institute for Aegean Prehistory and the Dickson Centennial Professorship #2. The catalogue is available from PASP for a $10 handling fee:

T.G. Palaima, E. Pope and F. Kent Reilly eds., Unlocking the Secrets of Ancient Writing: The Parallel Lives of Michael Ventris and Linda Schele and the Decipherment of Mycenaean and Mayan Writing. Catalogue of an Exhibition Held at the Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection, March 9–August 1, 2000 (Austin 2000) Pp. vi + 34. 24 text figures. [rev. THES (09/01/00) 25]

PASP during the period 1996-2001 has acquired mainly photocopies of important original sources: the correspondence of Sir John Myres with Michael Ventris and Alice Kober; the chapter of Prudence Smith’s unpublished memoirs dealing with June-July 1952 and Ventris’s decipherment and BBC broadcast; materials from Andrew Robinson (who visited PASP in early June 1999) relating to his work with Ventris; and most significantly rich materials and insights from Oliver Cox, Ventris’s architectural partner and friend. We also have on loan Alice Kober’s own copy of her published dissertation. We encourage scholars in other countries to make every effort to preserve their intellectual Mycenological heritage and to record the history of work in this field. The director of PASP spent a good deal of satisfying time exploring and writing about the mostly unsung contribution of Alice Kober to the field of Mycenology.

Regarding (4), again the support of INSTAP has made possible remarkable progress now that systems are in place for efficient compilation and editing of the necessary data for SMID We received an internal UT FASTTEX grant to help make SMID on-line accessible and searchable. We ask that younger scholars please contact the current SMID editor Nick Dobson for ways of participating in the production of SMID.

Remember that SMID was founded by Michael Ventris as a concrete manifestation of his firm belief in ‘group working’ among Mycenologists. We attach the report of former chief SMID editor Peter Van Alfen on recent work.

Regarding (5) a report was made by the chief editor, José L. Melena, to the research tools and publications committee. A good portion of the visit by J.L.Melena to PASP, when not visiting the Buckhorn Museum, was devoted to this work.

Regarding (6) PASP receives a high volume of e-queries now about a wide range of matters. These are answered with due dispatch.

The following theses or articles were written by PASP students and the director since 1996:

T.G. Palaima:

  • [with E. Pope and F. Kent Reilly] Unlocking the Secrets of Ancient Writing: The Parallel Lives of Michael Ventris and Linda Schele and the Decipherment of Mycenaean and Mayan Writing. Catalogue of an Exhibition Held at the Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection, March 9–August 1, 2000 (Austin 2000) Pp. vi + 34. 24 text figures.
  • “100 years of Linear B at Knossos” = Review article on J. Chadwick et al., Corpus of Mycenaean Inscriptions from Knossos, Volumes 2-4 in AJA 105.2 (2001) 316-320 (with J.L. Melena)
  • “The Palaeography of Mycenaean Inscribed Sealings from Thebes and Pylos, Their Place Within the Mycenaean Administrative System and Their Links With the Extra- Palatial Sphere,” in W. Mueller ed., Minoisch-mykenische Glyptik. Stil, Ikonographie, Funktion CMS Beiheft 6 (Mainz 2000) 219-238.
  • “MA Tn 249: A Linear B Tablet from Marburg with Ritual Information and Graffiti,” in Minoisch-mykenische Glyptik, 361-368.
  • “Courage and Prowess Afoot in Homer and the Vietnam of Tim O’Brien,” Classical and Modern Literature 20/3 (2000) 1-22
  • “themis in the Mycenaean Lexicon and the Etymology of the Place-Name *ti-mi-to a- ko,” Faventia 22/1 (2000) 7-19.
  • “Transactional Vocabulary in Linear B Tablet and Sealing Administration,” M. Perna ed., Administrative Documents in the Aegean and their Near Eastern Counterparts. Proceedings of the International Colloquium, Naples, February 29-March 2, 1996 (Turin 2000) 261-276.
  • “Classics: Apocalypse Now or Working Toward the Future?” Classical Bulletin 75.1 (1999) 85-97, a special issue devoted to the current state and future of Classics edited by L. Golden and K. Herbert.
  • “Religion in the Room of the Chariot Tablets” Journal of Prehistoric Religion 14 (2000) 24-27 [with J. Gulizio and K. Pluta].
  • “Kn02 – Tn 316,” in S. Deger-Jalkotzy et al. eds., Floreant Studia Mycenaea. Akten des X. Internationalen Mykenologischen Colloquiums in Salzburg vom 1.-5. Mai 1995 (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften Philosophisch-Historische Klasse Denkschriften 274: Vienna 1999) Band II, 437-461.
  • (with Elizabeth Sikkenga) “Linear A > Linear B,” MELETEMATA. Studies in Aegean Archaeology Presented to Malcolm H. Wiener as He Enters His 65th Year (Aegaeum 20: Liège and Austin 1999) 599-608.
  • po-re-na: A Mycenaean Reflex in Homer? An I-E Figure in Mycenaean?” in Minos 31-32 (1996-97 [98]) 303-312
  • “Mycenaean Militarism from a Textual Perspective. Onomastics in Context: lawos, damos, klewos,” in R. Laffineur ed., Polemos: Warfare in the Aegean Bronze Age (Aegaeum 19: Liège and Austin 1999) 367-378
  • “A Linear B Inscribed Galet from Liège: LIE Ga 1998 A Gaufre or ‘Galet’,” in R. Laffineur ed., Polemos: Warfare in the Aegean Bronze Age (Aegaeum 19: Liège and Austin 1999) 507-511
  • “Remembering a Scholar: John Chadwick Was One of the Founding Fathers of Mycenaean Studies,” Archaeology Odyssey (Winter 1999) 11
  • “Linear B and the Origins of Greek Religion: ‘di-wo-nu-so‘,” in N. Dimoudis and A. Kyriatsoulis eds., The History of the Hellenic Language and Writing: From the Second to the First Millennium B.C.: Break or Continuity?, Acts of the 2nd International Conference of the Society for the Study and Spreading of Hellenic History Held at Ohlstadt, Germany 03.-06.10.1996 (DZA Verlag für Kultur und Wissenschaft GmBH: Altenburg 1998 ISBN 3-9806602-0-6) 205-222; discussion 223-224
  • “Linear Scripts'” in Encyclopedia Americana 1998 (Grolier 1998) 523-524
  • “Potter and Fuller: The Royal Craftsmen,” in R. Laffineur and P.P. Betancourt eds., Tekhne, Aegaeum 16 (Liège 1997) 407-412
  • “PH Up 1996,” in R. Laffineur and P.P. Betancourt eds., Tekhne, Aegaeum 16 (Liège 1997) 539-543
  • “‘Archives’ and ‘Scribes’ and Information Hierarchy in Mycenaean Greek Linear B,” in Maria Brosius and Alan K. Bowman eds., Papers of the Workshop “Archives and Archival Tradition: Concepts of Record-Keeping in the Ancient World” held at the Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents Oxford University September 17-19, 1998 (OUP forthcoming)
  • “Assessing the Linear B Evidence for Continuity from the Mycenaean Period in the Boeotian Cults of Poseidon (and Erinys) at Onchestos (Telphousa—Haliartos),” in John M. Fossey and Michael B. Cosmopoulos eds., Boiotia Antiqua VII-VIII: Studies in Boiotian Archaeology, History, and Institutions (including Papers Presented at the IX International Conference on Boiotian Antiquities, Winnipeg 29-31 October 1998) (Chicago: Ares forthcoming).
  • “Special vs. Normal Mycenaean: Hand 24 and Writing in the Service of the King?” in J. Bennet and J. Driessen eds., A-NO-QO-TA. Festschrift for J.T. Killen (Minos special double volume forthcoming).
  • “The Inscribed Bronze ‘Kessel’ from Shaft Grave IV and Cretan Heirlooms of the Bronze Age Artist named ‘Aigeus’ vel sim. in the Mycenaean Palatial Period,” in Y. Duhoux and C. Davaras eds., Festschrift William C. Brice (submitted 02//99)
  • “Alice Elizabeth Kober,” in Getzel Cohen and Martha Joukowsky eds., Women in Archaeology (submitted 12/03/99)
  • “Archaeology and Text: Decipherment, Translation, and Interpretation,” Presented at the Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Workshop at UCLA on the Theme of Archaeology in the Mediterranean: The Present State and Future Scope of a Discipline, March 23-25, 2000
  • “The Modalities of Economic Control at Pylos,” in P. Carlier et al. eds., Proceedings of the Conference Journées Égéennes Held at the Université Nanterre, Paris March 8- 10, 1999. (submitted 1/2000)

Nicolle Hirschfeld

  • The PASP Data Base for the Use of Scripts on Cyprus (Minos Suppl. 13: 1996)
  • with M. Yon, V. Karageorghis and A. Caubet, Ras Shamra-Ougarit XIII: Céramiques mycéniennes (Paris and Nicosia forthcoming)
  • “Cypro-Minoan: patterns of Use in the Archaeological Record,” in J. Smith ed., The Archaeology of Script and Seal use in the Second and First Millennia B.C. (forthcoming)
  • “Ways of Exchange in the LBA Eastern Mediterranean: the Evidence of the Marked Vases,” BICS 42 (1997-98) 212-213
  • Ph.D. Thesis (12/99) “Potmarks of the Late Bronze Age Eastern Mediterranean”

Kevin Pluta

  • “The Role of Hand 2 in Administration at Pylos,” Antiquitas Viva (forthcoming) [with V. Kyriakidis]
  • “A Reconstruction of the Archives Complex at Pylos: Preliminary Considerations,” Minos 31-32 (1996-97) 231-250
  • “Religion in the Room of the Chariot Tablets” Journal of Prehistoric Religion 14 (2000) 24-27 [with J. Gulizio and T.G. Palaima].
  • M.A. Thesis (5/00) “Sealings in the Archives at Pylos”

Peter van Alfen

  • “The LM IIIB Inscribed Stirrup Jars as Links in an Administrative Chain,” Minos 31- 32 (1996-97) 251-274

Stavroula Nikoloudis

  • “Animal Sacrifice in the Mycenaean World,” Journal of Prehistoric Religion (forthcoming)

Amanda Krauss

  • i-je-ro and Related Terms,” Journal of Prehistoric Religion (forthcoming)

Joann Gulizio

  • “Hermes and e-ma-a2: The Continuity of his Cult from the Bronze Age to the Historical Period,” Antiquitas Viva (forthcoming)
  • “Religion in the Room of the Chariot Tablets” Journal of Prehistoric Religion 14 (2000) 24-27 [with T.G. Palaima and K. Pluta].
  • “Ares in the Linear B Tablets and the Continuity of the Cult of Ares in the Historical Period,” Journal of Prehistoric Religion (forthcoming)
  • M.A. Thesis (5/00) “Hermes and Ares in the Linear B Texts: The Continuity of Their Cults from the Bronze Age to the Historical Period”

Susanne Hofstra

  • Ph.D.. Thesis (12/00) “Small Things Considered: The Finds from LH III B Pylos in Context”

Zoe Dorton

  • M.A. Thesis (8/96) “A Study of TE-KO-TO-NE and TO-KO-DO-MO

Jason Railsback

  • M.A. Thesis (12/97) “Mycenaean Theophoric Names”

In addition other former PASP students like Susan Lupack and Susanne Hofstra have contributed a variety of scholarly papers and published works of scholarship during the course of their dissertation work under the direction of C.W. Shelmerdine.

Hofstra in 2000-2001 holds a teaching position at Wabash College, Lupack at Brooklyn College, and Hirschfeld at University of Tennessee Knoxville. Van Alfen is a fellow at the American School and the Albright Institute in Jerusalem.

The proceedings of the 11th International Mycenological Colloquium will appear as an Hesperia Supplement.

Five-year Report 1991-1996

FIVE-YEAR REPORT (199l-1996)*

*For a full discussion of the history of PASP through 1990 and a fuller description of its aims and resources, cf. T.G. Palaima. “Program in Aegean Scripts and Prehistory: 5-Year Report on the Activities of the PASP at the University of Texas at Austin (1988-1991),” in J.P. Olivier ed., Mykenaika (BCH Suppl. 25: Paris 1992) pp 643-648.

PASP will be host of the 11th International Mycenological Colloquium in the year 2000.

The Program in Aegean Scripts and Prehistory is a graduate research program in the Department of Classics at University of Texas at Austin, the largest Classics program in the United States. The department itself has specialists in papyrology (Martinez); numismatics (Kroll); Greek epigraphy and the history of Crete (Perlman); early Greek law and legal inscriptions (Gagarin); sculpture and Italian/Greek colonial archaeology (Carter); Etruscan art history (Edlund-Berry); Mycenaean pottery, Linear B, field survey and Greek prehistory (Shelmerdine); Mycenology (Emmett L. Bennett, Jr.); and Homer (Cook). In addition other departments have experts in Roman wall painting and Roman sculpture (Clarke and Davies in Art History); Near Eastern archaeology (Schmandt-Besserat in the Center for Middle Eastern Studies); Hittite language and culture (Kimball in English; Polomé, emeritus in Oriental and African Languages; Justus in the Center for Linguistic Research and Classics); Indo-European Studies (Win Lehman at the Center for Linguistic Research) and other fields such as the inscriptions, language and religion of India (Schopen) and Mayan scripts and culture (Schele in Art History).

PASP contains a very full archives of 1:1-scale photographs of Aegean and Cypriote inscriptions. These are systematically filed. In order to do research on Mycenaean/Minoan/Cypriote texts, PASP has its own reference library, an extensive offprint collection going back to the turn of the century, microfilm of the Pylos and Knossos excavation notebooks, and selected original papers of scholars like Alice Kober, Emmett L. Bennett, Jr., and Michael Ventris. PASP has photocopies of such materials as the correspondence of Arne Furumark, the memoirs of Carl Blegen, the Beattie seminars.

PASP is extremely grateful for the cooperative exchange of books and journals which the following institutes and journals have worked out with it: Ziva Antika, the Institute of Classical Studies University of London, and the Istituto per gli Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici.

PASP does not grant its own degrees, but provides graduate students in the UT program who are receiving broad training in all areas of Classical civilization with the opportunity to do specialized research at a high level in areas of Aegean and eastern Mediterranean prehistory and archaeology pertaining to inscribed or marked materials. PASP thus serves as the prehistoric complement to the Institute of Classical Archaeology, a longstanding program of excavation and interdisciplinary research in southern Italy and now the Crimea directed by Professor Joseph Carter. The department grants graduate degrees in Classics with specialization in archaeology. Prospective graduate applicants should consult the materials sent by the department’s graduate adviser for degree requirements. Given the focus of PASP, basic knowledge of Greek and Latin is required of all students. Strong applicants in archaeology in the past have been able to acquire this knowledge during the course of graduate training. The department has long offered successful intensive summer courses in both languages, and most requirements are flexible.

The department of Classics offers regular graduate support in the form of assistantships and the university offers first-year preemptive fellowships to people according to a formula based on GRE scores. Two assistantships are reserved for work in PASP. PASP offers supplemental summer fellowships (currently an unrestricted stipend of $1,500) to one or two students who have an interest in working in some area which it covers.

PASP also encourages shorter-term visits by senior scholars or graduate students at any level (especially foreign students) who can make good use of its resources. PASP can provide some financial help with transportation and lodging. Planning as much in advance as possible maximizes the likelihood of receiving some form of financial help. During the period 1991-96 some of the longer-term visitors have included:

Spring of 1992: a 4-month visiting scholar Carlos Varias Garcia from the University of Barcelona, and a one-week visit by John Killen from Cambridge University for one week.
In fall 1993: Pierre Carlier of the Université de Nancy was visiting research scholar for a month.
In 1993-94: Ruth Palmer was visiting research fellow of PASP for a full-year.
In fall 1994: Eugenio Lujan was at PASP and the Center for Linguistic Research.
In spring 1995: John Killen was at PASP March 3-10 and Ruth Palmer March 13-20.
In spring 1996: Lucia Cosmetico of the University of Florence visited for 4 months.
In summer 1996: John Garcia of Princeton University visited for a month.

PASP also organizes frequent lectures, conferences and colloquia. From 1991 to 1996, PASP held two major meetings of scholars. A conference in December, 1993 on “Kingship and the Organization of Power in Greek Society” brought together as participants: Robert Stieglitz [Rutgers], Raphael Sealey [UC Berkeley], Carol Thomas [University of Washington], Pierre Carlier [Université de Nancy], Carin Green [University of Iowa], Hal Haskell [Southwestern University], John Lenz [Texas A&M], Kent Reilly [Southwest Texas State University], and from various departments at UT Austin: Kevin Cauley, Michael Gagarin, Peter Green, Greta Ham, Sara Kimball, Jackie Long, Tom Palaima, Cynthia Shelmerdine. A smaller colloquium in September, 1991 focused on trade in Mycenaean palatial culture. Participants were Robert Laffineur [University of Liège], Eric Cline [California State University at Fresno], Fred Hocker [Institute of Nautical Archaeology], Shelley Wachsmann [Institute of Nautical Archaeology], Leah Himinelhoch [PASP] and Nicolle Hirschfeld [PASP]. Many of these papers have been published in Minos 25-26. (1990-91).

Among many scholars who have given talks with PASP funding during this period are: the Pylos Regional Archaeological Project team, Jonathan Shay, John Killen, Michael Cosmopoulos, Nanno Marinatos, Soren Dietz, Nikolai Kazansky.

Since 1993, PASP and its director have participated in and helped to support financially the publication of the monograph series Aegaeum. The director of PASP is co-editor of the journal of Aegean linguistics Minos. PASP, under the editorial direction of Elizabeth Sikkenga and with the cooperation of the Mycenaean seminar at Cambridge University, now produces the revived Studies in Mycenacan 1ncriptions and Dialect (SMID). For fuller information contact:


The director of PASP also serves on the editorial board of the Spanish Classics journal Faventia and sits on the Mycenological Commission of the Austrian Academy and the Centro Internazionale Ricerche Archeologiche e Storiche. He also has close ties with the archaeology program of the University of Uppsala as an honorary doctor of that institution.

PASP requests that all Aegcanists please put it on their offprint mailing list. This will facilitate the research of scholars who come to work in PASP. It will also make sure your own ideas come to the attention of those who work here and are not missed in the future volumes of SMID. Please also remember that a major aim of PASP is to be an archives of work done by scholars over their careers. If you are approaching retirement and have valuable papers relating to the history of scholarship in Mycenology please get into contact with us. We have done what we can by purchasing such things as books annotated by Leonard R. Palmer – you may be able to visit and surmise what this late Mycenologist really thought of your ideas! But we cannot do this effectively if we react after the fact, when collections have been sold or dispersed without a proper eye to preserving the history of our field.

Nicolle Hirschfeld has compiled at PASP a data base of Cypriote inscriptions (forthcoming as a Minos supplement) and she now works with Joanna Smith at producing a corpus of Cypro-Minoan inscriptions. In summer of 1994 the physical facilities of PASP were fully remodeled to maximize space and facilitate work and storage. The area is a pleasant haven from the cares of the outside world, even the University of Texas at Austin itself, and those who have worked here have found the atmosphere very conducive to work and enjoyment. PASP wishes to thank sincerely all who have supported its work and development during the last 5 years. The director does not dare to list all the names. The catalogue would be too long, and he would run the risk of leaving someone out. But he would particularly like to thank the following student assistants who have helped during this time: Elizabeth Sikkenga, Susanne Hofstra, Susan Lupack, Nick Dobson, Kathleen Cox, Kate Walsh, Jason Railsback, Peter van Alfen, Kevin Pluta.

PASP is indebted to the Office of the Dean of Liberal Arts of The University of Texas at Austin for its continuing support for over a decade. The director thanks personally Dean Robert King, Dean Standish Meacham and Dean Sheldon Ekland-Olson for their willingness to hear his periodic pleas and justifications for support and Assistant Dean Debbie Fuller for her shrewd advice on the managing and use of PASP funds.

Please note the new e-mail for PASP that here follows. Please be aware that e-mail numbers and even telephone numbers are subject to change. A good old-fashioned letter is often the best way to communicate. Thank you.

Thomas G. Palaima, Director
Program in Aegean Scripts and Prehistory (PASP)
Department of Classics
WAG 123
The University of Texas at Austin
Austin. TX 78712-1181
tel.: 512471-5742 fax: 512 471A111 e-mail:

Five-year Report 1986-1991

Five-year Report on the Activities of the Program in Aegean Scripts and Prehistory (PASP) at the University of Texas at Austin (1986-1991) presented to the Comité International Permanent des Études Mycéniennes (CIPEM) on October 6, 1990 in Athens, Greece

Acknowledgments: I wish here to thank the members of CIPEM and the following individuals and institutions for their cooperation in these first years of setting up PASP: Vassilis Aravantinos, John Bennet, Emmett L. Bennett, Jr., Phil Betancourt, John Chadwick, Ernesto De Miro, Jan Driessen, Mark Edwards, Deborah Fuller, Karl Galinsky, Louis Godart, Erik Hallager, Nicolle Hirschfeld, James Hooker, Petar Ilievski, Vassos Karageorghis, John Killen, Robert D. King, Mabel Lang, Emilia Masson, Olivier Masson, Standish Meacham, José Melena, Ino Nicolaou, Jean-Pierre Olivier, Cynthia Shelmerdine, Joanna Smith, Myrna Smith, Daniel Ortiz, Frank Stubbings, Vicky Walsh and Malcolm Wiener; the American School of Classical Studies and the École Française in Athens, the Ashmolean Museum, the Cypriote Department of Antiquities, the Institute of Classical Studies University of London, the Istituto per gli Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici in Rome, the University of Cincinnati, the University of Minnesota, the Universtity of Skopje, and the University of Wisconsin; the National Endowment for the Humanities, the MacArthur Foundation, the Dickson Professorship Fund and the College of Liberal Arts of the University of Texas. These and others all assisted in the planning of PASP, the acquisition of materials for PASP, and the work done by PASP in its first four years. I was assisted in the initial computing aspects of this project by Dr. Vicky A. Walsh, an archaeological computing consultant and administrative director of Humanities Computing at UCLA. I have been helped recently by Daniel Ortiz, computer specialist for the College of Liberal Arts. To promote our work in Cyprus and Turkey, UT Austin became a member of the American Schools of Oriental Research (ASOR) consortium in fall 1989.

Special thanks are reserved for my research assistants and administrative coordinator during these first five years, especially: Jean Alvares, Kathleen Cox, Leslie Crooks, Jeanine Edson, Bruce LaForse, Leah Himmelhoch, and Yuri Weydling. I hope that PASP will be visited and used in the years ahead by scholars interested in Aegean-Cypriote writing systems and inscriptions and the information they provide about Aegean prehistory

I remind Mycenologists and Aegean prehistorians of the necessity to send offprints (new or old) to PASP and to alert me of the existence of any scholarly papers dealing with Aegean-Cypriote scripts that should be acquired or catalogued by PASP.

Description: PASP is part of the largest Department of Classics in the United States. This has real advantages in terms of interested faculty and research facilities.

Facilities: The PASP complex of three large offices and a foyer (all security alarmed and climate-controlled) is located in the northwest corner of the ground floor of Waggener Hall. On the same floor are the following resources of the Classics department: 1. an extensive slide library; 2. the Classics library which contains over 20,000 volumes and has a separate reference room and archaeological seminar in which nearly all journals (archaeological, linguistic, philological) pertinent to Classical antiquity and the Greek Bronze Age are housed — the chief exception being BCH! — along with major reference works and monograph series (e.g., Chantraine, Inscriptiones Graecae and other corpora of inscriptions, Études Crétoises, SIMA, CMS, etc.). The main graduate research library (the sixth largest in North America) houses BCH and is a five-minute walk away.

Within the PASP complex two offices are reserved for graduate research assistants and visiting scholars. Research resources will be described below. Practical resources include a microform reader-printer, a linked system of three Macintosh IIci computers, AST-4000 hard disk, laser printer and optical scanner, plus ample space for using photographs and other unwieldy materials. The area is completely under my control, so the atmosphere is free of oppressive bureaucratic regulations and is generally welcoming and conducive to humanistic study.

The program is supported through the Dickson Centennial Professorship No. 2 in the College of Liberal Arts, which also funds two graduate assistants per year. The College of Liberal Arts has been generous in supporting the initial costs for materials and equipment and the more recent acquisition of equipment (e.g., a portable Macintosh computer and an optical scanner last summer). In addition PASP has a reserve fund of accumulated grants from the MacArthur Foundation, which is now being used as a modest endowment providing modest supplemental summer fellowships for graduate students interested in Aegean prehistory.

Faculty: At the University of Texas are the following faculty with interests related to the research activities of PASP: Cynthia Shelmerdine (Mycenaean studies and Homer), Edgar Polomé (Indo-European linguistics), Sara Kimball and Andrew Garrett (Hittite), Denise Schmandt-Besserat (early Mesopotamian and Anatolian token systems), Linda Schele (Mayan studies), Gregory Schopen (Sanskrit and Buddhism), Paula Perlman (Greek epigraphy and Cretan history), Jack Kroll (epigraphy, numismatics and sealings of the Greek historical period), Erwin Cook (Homer). Emmett L. Bennett, Jr. has been a visiting research fellow at PASP in fall semester 1989 and spring semester 1991. At the Institute of Nautical Archaeology at Texas A&M (110 miles away) are: George Bass (director of INA, director of the Cape Gelidonya shipwreck, expert on Bronze Age trade), Cemal Pulak (director of the Ulu Burun Bronze Age shipwreck excavation), Richard Steffy and Fred Hocker (ship reconstruction), Shelley Wachsmann (Near Eastern studies, especially trade and other interaction with the Aegean area). At Southwestern University (40 miles away): Halford Haskell (Aegean archaeology and stirrup jars). At University of Texas—Arlington (200 miles away): Karl Petruso (Bronze Age archaeology; Aegean weights and measures).


Project: PASP, begun at UT Austin in June 1986 under the auspices of the CIPEM resolution at the Ohrid Colloquium, has shown good local results in terms of research and scholarship, especially by graduate students at UT Austin and the cooperating program in Nautical Archaeology at Texas A&M. It has already become known as a functioning center for research on Aegean-Cypriote scripts, a fact which was certainly helpful in obtaining grant support from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Institute for Aegean Prehistory for a research conference on Aegean Seals, Sealings and Administration in January 1989. Emmett L. Bennett, Jr. plans to be regularly in residence as a visiting scholar at PASP one semester per year. We hope to have other visiting scholars in the future. We have had graduate student visitors for a few weeks or an entire semester from University of Pennsylvania, Bryn Mawr College, and University of Minnesota using the research resources of PASP.


Research Materials: The research resources of PASP are: (1) an archives of 1:1 scale photographs (nearly 10,000) of nearly all Aegean Bronze Age inscriptions (Cretan hieroglyphic, Linear A, Linear B, Cypro-Minoan) and historical Cypriote Syllabic; (2) a computer data base for epigraphical, archaeological, linguistic and historical information pertaining to the texts; (3) a collection of primary reference works and microfilm copies of excavation notebooks necessary for firsthand work with the data base and photographs — these supplement the holdings of the Classics library, reference room and archaeological seminar; (4) an extensive archives of papers and offprints on Aegean scripts and prehistory; (5) a collection of slides and instructional materials pertaining to Aegean-Cypriote prehistoric scripts and archaeology.

1. Photographic Archives: Since 1986 with the kind cooperation of the École française d’Athènes, the Istituto per gli Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici in Rome, and José L. Melena we have acquired and catalogued a nearly complete set of 1:1 scale photographs of Cretan hieroglyphic, Linear A and Linear B inscriptions. In addition to these 1:1 scale photos, we have many photos of particular details of tablets, e.g., individual ideograms, tablet versos and cross-sections, and other fragments and joins. We also possess the Ernst Grumach photographs of Linear A and Cretan hieroglyphic inscriptions and seals. Most recently we have acquired photographs of Cypro-Minoan and Cypriote Syllabic texts from Cypriote museums and from Profs. Emilia and Olivier Masson in Paris. Researchers are asked to continue to notify PASP of new finds and joins, and to send photographs of these with essential information about find circumstances, if possible.

2. Data base: Texts of all the Linear B inscriptions (some 5000) have been entered into a Double Helix data base. We are currently experimenting with entering other information: epigraphical, archaeological and text-analytical. We soon hope to begin our first experiments with the linguistic side of the data base. We plan to enter the Linear A texts according to the new GORILA signary. We are waiting for the forthcoming Corpus of Hieroglyphic Inscriptions of Crete (CHIC) in order to enter the 300 texts of this class into the data base. In 1989-90, Leah Himmelhoch compiled a rough version of the first analytical data base of Cypriote syllabic and alphabetic inscriptions. This was used extensively in a seminar on Cypriote epigraphy in spring 1990 and formed the basis for a paper on the interaction of the Cypriote Syllabic script and the Greek alphabet delivered at the Phoinikeia Grammata conference in Liège in November 1989. The data base is now being revised and completed by Bruce LaForse and Nicolle Hirschfeld.

3. Reference works and microfilms: Available at PASP are: some annotated texts of Leonard Palmer; a full set of publications of Mycenological colloquia and Festschriften; and all the primary corpus volumes, lexica, indices and bibliographical surveys. Thus one can work conveniently with the photographs. The Classics library and reference room, also on the ground floor of Waggener, contain important monograph series such as Études Crétoises and CMS and journals such as Kadmos, Minos, BSA, AJA. In November 1989, Ernesto De Miro and I set up a cooperative arrangement between PASP and the Istituto per gli Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici of the CNR in Rome whereby we shall exchange copies of publications. As book review editor of Minos, I now receive many publications on Aegean prehistory.

We have acquired microfilms of the Evans/MacKenzie Knossos excavation notebooks from the Ashmolean; the Pylos excavation notebooks from the University of Cincinnati; and the Michael Ventris work notes from the University of London.

4. Archives of papers and offprints: PASP houses a comprehensive collection of offprints. The core is formed by two major collections: (1) that of Emmett L. Bennett, Jr. of the University of Wisconsin—Madison: this is a virtually complete collection of articles and reviews on Mycenaean-Minoan-Cypriote texts and archaeology from the 1950’s through the early 1980’s; (2) that of Frank Stubbings of Cambridge University, which extends back to the turn of the century and includes many signed offprints of real historical value. This past summer, I also acquired most of the offprints on Bronze Age subjects from the collection of T.B.L. Webster. PASP also houses the research files and notes of Alice Kober, a researcher on Minoan-Mycenaean scripts before the decipherment of Linear B; the letters of Michael Ventris to Emmett Bennett; copies of some of the correspondence of Carl Blegen; copies of papers presented at the seminar of Prof. Beattie of University of Edinburgh; and a growing collection of books, articles, and privately circulated typescripts or manuscripts on decipherments and pseudo-decipherments. We are negotiating to receive other materials pertinent to the early stages of research on the Mycenaean Linear B script.

5. Slide collection and instructional materials: PASP houses my own large collection of slides of Aegean inscriptions, archaeological sites, and special plans, maps and tables. These include color slides of Linear B tablets from Knossos (from John Bennet of University of Wisconsin); a complete set of color slides of the inscribed Khania stirrup jars (from Erik Hallager); and slides of Cypriote sites and artefacts (from Vassos Karageorghis, former director of the Cypriote Archaeological Service). Instructional materials include casts and facsimiles of Aegean-Cypriote tablets and original Minoan-Mycenaean seals.

Graduate research: Since 1986 a number of graduate assistants, trained in Aegean and Cypriote epigraphy and Greek linguistics, have provided and continue to provide significant help on this project. Three students completed M.A. theses in spring 1989 related to this research. Philip Freeman on labiovelars in early Greek (an abridged version is now published in Journal of Indo-European Studies); Kathleen Cox on the textual and archaeological evidence for the use of ivory in the Mycenaean period; and Bruce LaForse on the meaning of the Mycenaean social-political terms qa-si-re-u and ke-ro-si-ja. Nicolle Hirschfeld, first at the Institute for Nautical Archaeology of Texas A&M and now at PASP, has worked in Cyprus and in Greece on Cypro-Minoan pot-marks. In addition, Ruth Palmer at University of Cincinnati has finished a dissertation, under my co-direction, on textual and archaeological evidence for the Mycenaean use of wine; and she has published a lengthy paper on Mycenaean ration allotments in Minos 24 (1989). Fred Schwink in Germanic Studies has published a survey article in Journal of Indo-European Studies on the –toi/-tai question in Mycenaean and Indo-European. He has an article on the representation of double consonants in Linear B, Cypriote Syllabic and Greek alphabetic forthcoming in Kadmos. William Hutton is now revising a paper on Mycenaean economic vocabulary, especially qe-te-o, for Minos.

Symposia, Conferences and visiting lecturers: PASP has regularly organized symposia and research conferences in conjunction with courses being taught at the graduate level.

In spring 1988, we held a seminar on Mycenaean economy and decipherment featuring John Bennet (Wisconsin), Emmett L. Bennett, Jr. (Wisconsin) and V. Aravantinos (Greece). Maurice Pope (Oxford) also lectured on Minoan Linear A.

In January 1989, PASP organized an NEH research conference at which 11 experts in Aegean and Near Eastern sealings and administration presented papers examining the characteristic uses of seals and sealings together with formal written records in the main periods and regions of Minoan-Mycenaean civilization. This conference was attended by 30 scholars from Belgium, Denmark, France, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, W. Germany and the United States. Publication of this conference appeared as volume 5 of the series Aegaeum in April 1990.

In spring 1990, the former director of the Cypriote Department of Antiquities Vassos Karageorghis and an American specialist in Cypriote archaeology John Coleman spoke on Cypriote prehistory and discussed research projects with graduate students. In addition Jan Driessen of the École française d’Athènes and Barry Powell of University of Wisconsin lectured on problems connected with Linear B and Greek alphabetic scripts.

In September 1990, Henri and Micheline van Effenterre (Paris) visited to speak on Minoan archaeology.

In September 1991, we held a conference on trade with and within the Mycenaean Aegean. Speakers included Robert Laffineur (University of Liège), Eric Cline (University of Pennsylvania), and Shelley Wachsmann and Fred Hocker (Texas A&M) and Leah Himmelhoch and Nicolle Hirschfeld (PASP).

PASP publications: Because we have an established computer network and assistants trained in Aegean scripts and archaeology, we have been able undertake editing and producing extremely accurate diskette versions of texts on subjects requiring very complicated fonts and formatting. Works like the Studies Bennett (1988), Studia Mycenaea (1988), Problems in Decipherment, and Aegean Seals, Sealings and Administration would otherwise have been virtually impossible in terms of time and consequent cost of production. These were published in the following series: Minos Supplement; Ziva Antika Supplement; Bibliothèque des Cahiers de l’Institut de Linguistique de Louvain; and Aegaeum.

Archaeological field projects: In July-August, 1990 in cooperation with the Bronze Age shipwreck excavation of the Institute for Nautical Archaeology at Texas A&M, Kathleen Cox and I conducted a three-work epigraphical survey project in the territory of Lycia (S. Turkey) near the modern town of Kaß, ancient Antiphellos. We rediscovered and carefully studied 11 inscribed sarcophagi noted by earlier scholars and travelers in the area (Spratt, Benndorf, Bean) but left unpublished or imperfectly published. In addition we found four other Greek inscriptions (a dedication to Artemis, a dedicatory statue base, and two fragments) and mapped out the surrounding areas, noting for the first time many ancient farm houses, settlements and fortifications.

Conclusion: I thank all the persons and institutions who have helped us to proceed so far so quickly. I encourage all participants in this colloquium to think about visiting and working at PASP. We certainly welcome applications from foreign students to our graduate program in Classics.

April 3, 2012

Added Palaima editorials:
responses to Halpern-Eliot-Bigler et al. study and their reply.
Palaima description of a bad book: Victor Davis Hanson and John Heath, Who Killed Homer? The Demise of Classical Education and the Recovery of Greek Wisdom (2001).
“The wonder of our own handwriting”.
“Shootings in Afghanistan have roots in our history”.

Added Palaima reviews:
The Poetry of Thought: From Hellenism to Celan
[PDF]Everyday Writing in the Graeco-Roman East

By Palaima:
[PDF (and bibliography)]”Euboea, Athens, Thebes and Kadmos: The Implications of the Linear B References,” in D. W. Rupp, J. E. Tomlinson et al. (eds.) Euboea and Athens: Proceedings of a Colloquium in Memory of Malcolm B. Wallace. Athens, 26-27 June 2009. Publications of the Canadian Institute in Greece, No. 6 2011, pp. 53-76