Donald Judd moved to Marfa, Texas in the 1970s. Since then, Marfa has come to be known as a pilgrimage site for those interested in contemporary or minimalist art on view at Judd’s Chinati Foundation.
Artist Robert Irwin recently completed his contribution to the Chinati Foundation’s permanent collection. Irwin worked with the Chinati Foundation and the San Antonio-based architectural firm Ford, Powell & Carson for 16 years to create an architectural monument to light and space, receiving a 2017 design award from the Texas Society of Architects.
The building, a perfectly symmetrical ‘U’ shape, sits on the foundation of the ruins of a 1919 army barracks building. The artist, architects and the Chinati Foundation had hoped to accommodate Robert Irwin’s vision within the walls of the original structure, but ultimately its reinforced concrete walls proved too inflexible and unstable. Instead, Irwin’s building references the ruins that were once on site, and eye-level windows, sheer scrims, and polished interior surfaces allow the changing desert light to act as a material itself.
Source: Texas Architect Magazine and Artnet.
One of the largest undertakings of its kind, Conservation International plans to plant 73 million trees in the Amazon. This short-term project—called Muvuca, a Portuguese word describing many people in a small place—will restore 70,000 acres of tropical rain forest. A large quantity of seeds of various species are being planted allowing natural selection to demonstrate which species are most suited to survive. Ending deforestation could allow for the absorption of 37 percent of carbon emissions.
Tod Williams Billie Tsien Architects have revealed the first renderings of the Obama Presidential Library, which will be completed in 2021. The library will be located in Jackson Park in Chicago, and is designed to “seamlessly integrate into the park and the community,” per the request of the Obamas. The museum portion of the complex is a multi-storied, stone clad structure that will sit opposite the horizontally oriented library. Landscaping will wrap around the museum and atop the library, which opens up to a public plaza. Barack and Michelle Obama presented the concept design and site plan at an event on May 3.
Geoff Boeing, a PhD student at UC Berkeley, has created an open-source tool that allows researchers to directly compare city street networks. The Python-based tool generates black-and-white maps that visualize one square mile of a street network for a given city. The simple visual language of the tool’s renderings emphasizes the stark contrast between wide suburban blocks, tight 19th century grids, and radial ancient cities.
Designers have implemented a “ghost roundabout” in Cambridge, United Kingdom to intentionally confuse speedy drivers. The new road feature consists of a circular pattern of cobbled bricks that resembles a traffic roundabout. The bricks are merely decorative; however, behavioral science dictates that the familiar circular shape will cause drivers to take notice and slow down. The formation has been criticized by those who believe it looks too much like a crosswalk or that the confusion it will cause drivers will be dangerous. By replacing vertical speed bumps, the “ghost roundabouts” could provide a slowing mechanism that no longer relies on giving the driver a physical jolt.
Source: 99 Percent Invisible
Dallas will soon be one of the greenest cities in America thanks to the Trinity River Park, a new project that aims to transform a floodplain into a thriving urban green space. The park will feature playgrounds, trails, and lawns that enhance the quality of life of Dallas residents and help minimize flooding damage in the city. The designers of the park—Michael Van Valkenburg Associates—worked with city engineers to convert the floodplain. In a city known for its concrete landscape, this 10,000 acre park will be a welcome retreat.
The town of Birr, Ireland could become home to the world’s largest collection of giant redwood trees if Birr Castle’s Lord Rosse has anything to say about it. Eighty-year old Lord Rosse—also known as Brendan Parsons—plans to plant as many as 3,000 redwood trees despite the area’s cold and fluctuating temperatures. Nine redwoods likely planted in the 1860s are currently growing on the estate, with two different species represented. Although the hardiness of these trees has encouraged Parsons, the financial cost is still a barrier; in order to fund the project, the earl plans to offer the public the chance to purchase 500 Euro tree sponsorships.
French artist Estelle Chrétien’s newest earthwork evokes memories of stitched-up injuries or unraveling clothing. “Ground Operation”—which features a split section of turf seemingly stitched back together with a white cord—instills in the viewer the importance of mankind’s role in molding the earth. Chrétien juxtaposes small-scale handicrafts with the kinds of agricultural and infrastructural interventions that change the landscape. According to Chrétien, the earthwork “…questions our relationship to natural resources,” helping us to realize our impact.
Source: The Creators Project
Skateboarding magazine Transworld Skateboarding credits Finnish Modernist architect Alvar Aalto with changing the sport of skateboarding forever. Alto is credited with building the world’s first kidney shaped swimming pool in 1939, which also featured a rounded floor that formed a bowl rather than four sharp corners. Transworld claims that during the 1975 California drought, hundreds of these popular swimming pools remained empty—providing an opportunity for skateboarders to co-opt empty pools to practice new tricks on their sloped concrete floors. Without Aalto’s first kidney-shaped pool at Villa Mairea, the sport of skateboarding as we know it might not exist.
Source: Transworld via Dezeen
The New York City Public Art Fund, the Save the Redwoods League, and artist Spencer Finch have collaborated to recreate a California redwood forest in downtown Brooklyn–at a 1:100 scale, of course. While “California’s Lost Man Creek is 380 feet tall, the Brooklyn version will stand around 4 feet high.” The trees representing the redwoods are metasequoias, which will be trimmed down periodically to maintain their height at the appropriate scale.
Source: City Lab
Image Credit: Washington State Department of Transportation
A portion of Route 66 that crosses through New Mexico has been altered to produce music through the introduction of “rumble strips.” However, the chosen song, America the Beautiful, is only intelligible when a motorist drives at the designated speed limit. 99 Percent Invisible reports, “Go too fast and the pitch is transposed higher and the tempo is increased,” which promises an audibly uncomfortable experience for a driver.
Source: 99 Percent Invisible
Image Credit: Wolfgang Volz, via DesignBoom
A temporary installation floated atop Lake Iseo in Italy for 16 days during the month of June, accessible to the public and free of charge. Christo, and his late partner Jeanne-Claude, originated the concept in 1970. After changing the intended location of the piece multiple times, this particular Italian lake was chosen in 2014. Floating Piers, as the work was called, was a continuous strand that traced both the water and the adjacent city streets.