Steven Neuse, 1941-2017

Steven Neuse passed away May 26, 2017. A professor at the University of Arkansas-Fayetteville, Neuse earned not only his doctorate from The University of Texas at Austin (in 1976), but his bachelor’s degree as well, graduating with a degree in Government in 1963.

Below is the announcement from the University of Arkansas.

Steven Neuse, former chair and professor in the Department of Political Science in the J. William Fulbright College of Arts and Sciences, passed away Friday, May 26, 2017.

Neuse began teaching at the University of Arkansas in 1981, where he taught until his retirement in 2001. Along with teaching and research, Neuse served as the chair of the department from 1998-2001 and the director of public administration from 1981 to 1990. He was the president of the Arkansas Political Science Association from 1990-1991 and co-founded the Arkansas Public Administration Consortium, which provides training and certificate programs among other resources for public managers and volunteer managers.

Neuse grew up in New Braunfels, Texas and received a Ph.D. in political science in 1976 from University of Texas, Austin. Before coming to University of Arkansas, he taught at University of Texas, El Paso, and at University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

He was also a regular volunteer at the Fayetteville Public Library and served on the Friends of Fayetteville Public Library board, a non-profit organization dedicated to financially supporting the public library through volunteer work and fundraising.

Neuse was an exceptional political science professor who was known for the rigor of his graduate seminars. He was a dedicated mentor and advisor to numerous students who went on to notable careers as scholars, researchers, public administrators and elected officials.

Donations can be made to the Fayetteville Public Library by contacting Sarah Du Preez at 479-856-7140 or to the local National Public Radio station KUAF at


Janice May, 1923-2016

From the Austin American-Statesman obituraries:

Janice Evelyn Christensen May of Austin, Texas, passed away on July 10, 2016, at the age of 93.

She was born on May 29, 1923, in Walnut Grove, Minnesota. Her parents, Arnold Christensen and Bernice Schower Christensen, instilled in Janice a love of education and music which she pursued all of her life. She received her undergraduate degree from the University of Minnesota, a master’s degree from the University of Oklahoma and her PhD from the University of Texas. She remained at UT as an assistant instructor and progressed to become a full time professor in the Government Department at The University. She also served as a pre-law student advisor.

Janice married Francis Barnes May who was a Professor of Statistics at the University of Texas. He once said, “If I hadn’t met Janice, I’d have been a lifelong bachelor.” Together they traveled to Europe and China and spent holidays in their cabin in the northern Arizona woods. They hosted dinners with their friends and colleagues, and loved opera and classical music. Although they had no children, they provided a loving home to a succession of cats. Francis predeceased Janice in 2007.

Janice was active with the League of Women Voters, having served as President and Board member of the local chapter and also as a Board member of the national organization. She served as a registered lobbyist to governmental officials explaining League-supported agenda items. She was a member of the Commission that drafted a new constitution for the State of Texas, but which was not adopted by the voters of Texas. And she was a lifelong and active member of the American Association of University Women.

Kenneth Williams, 1957-2016

From the Michigan State website:

Ken Williams, Professor of Political Science, passes away

Kenneth Casellas Williams, Professor of Political Science, passed away on April 25, 2016 at the age of 59.

Ken was a Professor of Political Science at Michigan State University and is beloved by many. He is survived by his wife, Marcie, and their twelve year old daughter, Katherine (Katie), both of East Lansing. He is also survived by his parents, Elijah and Julia (Flint); his brothers, Gregory (Atlanta, Georgia) and Reginald (Punta Gorda, Florida); nephews Julien (Andrea), Jarren and Kellen; niece Mariah; great-niece Jai; and many extended family members and friends. Ken was born on January 26, 1957 in Flint. He attended Bowling Green University for his undergraduate degree, University of Texas at El Paso for his Master’s Degree, and University of Texas at Austin for his PhD. He began teaching at Michigan State in 1988 and met his wife, Marcie, while in London, England in 1995. They were engaged on October 13, 1995 in Tucson, Arizona and married in East Lansing, Michigan on February 14, 2003. Ken was a mentor and professor to thousands of students during his career. He was also a creative and outstanding scholar who published many scholarly books and articles. Above all, he valued his family. His daughter, Katie, was the light of his life, and he was very proud of her.

If you wish to make a contribution for the benefit of his minor daughter, Katherine Cowley Williams, you may do so through Michigan State University Federal Credit Union.

Charldean Newell, 1939-2014

Charldean Newell, 75, Regents Professor Emerita of Public Administration at UNT, passed away unexpectedly Saturday, November 22, 2014, at Presbyterian Hospital in Denton surrounded by long-time friends.

The only child of Charles T. Newell and Mildred Dean Looney Newell (hence her name), Charldean was born October 14, 1939 in Fort Worth where she was raised.

After graduating from Carter Riverside High School in Fort Worth, Charldean went to the University of North Texas (then North Texas State College) where she received B.A. and M.A. degrees. During her time at UNT she made numerous life-long friends, joined St. Barnabas Episcopal Church and became an avid supporter of UNT.

Charldean went on to receive a PH.D. from the University of Texas at Austin and returned to St. Barnabas and UNT in 1965 as member of the faculty of political science. She retired from UNT in 2002.

During her years at UNT, Charldean was a mentor to hundreds of students and colleagues. Known by her friends as a force of nature, Charldean was passionate about education and helping those in need. She was generous beyond measure and worked tirelessly to make the world a better place.

Even in retirement, Charldean continued to write textbooks, to teach for the International City/County Management Association, to serve on stewardship and building committees at St. Barnabas and to lend her support to a wide variety of causes.

Her professional highlights include chair of political science department; twice serving as associate vice president for academic affairs; and special assistant to the chancellor for planning. She was also the founding director of special projects for the Federation of North Texas Area Universities. Charldean co-authored four books and more than 50 articles, chapters and monographs.

Her major professional honors and recognitions include honorary member of both International City/County Management Association and Texas Municipal Clerks Association; recipient of Elmer Staats Career Public Service Award from the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration; election to the National Academy of Public Administration and recipient of the Mortar Board Alumni Achievement Award. At the University of North Texas she received a Special Recognition Award on Honors Day, the President’s Council Service Award, NT Exes Distinguished Service Award, Hiram Friedsam Award and the Dean’s Award from the School of Community Service. She also served as chair of the Faculty Senate.

Her community and professional service highlights include service as chair of the Denton Public Utilities Board, president of the Denton Christian Pre-School, chair of the Denton Fire and Police Civil Commission, chair of the Denton Charter Revision Committee, Senior Warden at the St. Barnabas Episcopal Church, and Executive Committee of the Diocese of Dallas. She served on the National Executive Councils of the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration, was a member of the Pi Sigma Alpha, Pi Alpha Alpha, Municipal Clerks Education Foundation, ICMA University Board of Regents and Voluntary Credentialing Advisory Board; and a member of the Denton Human Society board of directors.

In her characteristic fashion, for her 75th birthday Charldean asked that anyone who wanted to honor her donate to one of her favorite charities: the Denton Humane Society, Our Daily Bread or the Denton Christian Preschool.

A life-long animal lover, Charldean first became a dog owner late in life at the urging of a young friend. Charldean would proceed to “rescue” three companions who became part of Charldean’s happy life–Bobbie, Teddy and Robbie. Robbie was with her during her final hours and has many options for a new home among Charldean’s family of friends.

Charldean is survived by several cousins and numerous close friends.

Wallace Graves (1920-2011), Daniel O’Neil (1937-2012), Delbert Taebel (1934-2012)

We recently learned of the passing, during the last few years, of three of our PhD alumni: Wallace Graves, Daniel O’Neil, and Delbert Taebel.

Wallace Graves was president of the University of Evansville from 1967-1987:

Daniel O’Neil taught at the University of Arizona:

Delbert Taebel taught at The University of Texas at Arlington:–94534636

William S. Livingston, 1920-2013

Bill Livingston was known for many things. He was, rightly, concerned that his academic achievements would be overshadowed by his ‘folk-status’ as the voice of Tex. But even within his academic career, his roots have been glossed over on account of his rise through the university’s administrative ranks. Bill is remembered first as Tex and second for his roles as senior vice president, acting president, vice president, and dean of graduate studies, among earlier posts along the way. Reading that list again, one must question the altruism we have previously attributed to him in his recurring refusal to be courted by other institutions — if Bill didn’t know it outright, he surely had unwavering faith that big things were in store for him at Texas. Of course, the two are inseparable. Bill loved it here — he couldn’t have been half as endearing otherwise. Regardless, we would like to shed a little light on some of the contributions Bill made to political science generally and this department specifically.

William Livingston on Steps of B HallLivingston chaired the Department of Government from 1966-69, and during that time he oversaw dramatic reform in department governance. Until that point, the department operated under the Budget Council system, which consisted of the department’s full professors. Livingston, himself a full professor at the time, led the fight to democratize the system. The final debate came down to a memorable one between Harrison Wagner arguing for the young guys and Wallace Mendelson defending the old guard. It was Wagner who won the debate and, May 29, 1968, the department shifted to an elected executive committee representing all three faculty ranks. Livingston carried the torch of reform and made it happen.

Why did Livingston lead this fight? There seem to be at least two reasons. First, colleagues remember that his guiding principle during his chairmanship was “seeking comity” — he believed very strongly in the importance of creating a collegial environment, which it stands to reason the ‘ruling class’ structure of the Budget Council system obstructed. Second, Livingston was always looking to the future and he knew the department was old. Promoting and retaining young faculty were necessary if his plans for bringing the department to national elite status were to gain traction; that simply was not going to happen without democratizing the governance system. In fact, he resisted the Budget Council and recommended tenure to the Dean for three assistant professors whose promotion the council had voted against. The old guard was out of touch, both with the department’s needs and, in many cases, changes occurring within political science. It was time to open things up, and Livingston knew it.

Serving as the department’s graduate advisor from 1958-67, Livingston had, at the time, institutionalized what were known as ‘conference-seminars’. The idea behind the seminars was to inform students on matters not covered in course work, including source materials and research methods, employment opportunities, and professional ethics. These were mandatory meetings for graduate students and were the subject of an Oct. 10, 1965 Austin American Statesman article: “Every week or so during the academic year at least 75-100 graduate students and faculty members of the Government Department gather … To this room come authorities from every conceivable field … The men represent different disciplines, nations, and philosophies. What they have in common with this university group is the intellectual curiosity of learning.” The first conference-seminar, organized by Livingston, was held Oct. 17, 1957. Wallace Mendelson had just been hired, and he gave a presentation in the Texas Union International Room on civil liberties and the Supreme Court: “The Shape of Things to Come.”

Livingston wanted to be remembered first as a teacher, and he certainly was that. He was known above all for his undergraduate courses, British Government, and The Commonwealth and Empire. But he taught others, too. In 1954-56, for example, he taught Africa and World Politics as well as International Organization, and his graduate seminar was Comparative Political Institutions. He has been described as “spellbinding” in the classroom.

Bill wanted to be known as a scholar, and he certainly was that. Following his arrival in 1949, Livingston quickly became the department’s ‘man’ in comparative politics. As he wrote in a letter dated November of that year, he found the set up for his future in that regard “most encouraging … it looks as though I might almost write my own ticket on the subject of comparative government.”

Livingston showed immediately that he was on the forefront of things to come, pushing the study of comparative politics away from country-by-country analysis to focus on cross-regional, thematic comparisons: “I’ve had a talk with [Chairman Emmette Redford] … and suggested a course that has been simmering in my mind for some time – one concerned with a comparative study of institutions and the ideas behind them, without treating the subject country by country, as it is usually done.” Livingston was first and foremost a scholar of federalism, and his career was recognized in 1986 when he received the Daniel Elazar Distinguished Federalism Scholar Award from the American Political Science Association.

No simpleton, Livingston sought to tackle complexity head on. As he wrote in his 1952 Political Science Quarterly article, “A Note on the Nature of Federalism,” studying federalism was about looking beneath political institutions to understand the context, interests, forces, etc. shaping and reshaping those institutions. He wrote, “The essential nature of federalism is to be sought for, not in the shadings of legal and constitutional terminology, but in the forces—economic, social, political, cultural—that have made the outward forms of federalism necessary … a society may possess institutions that are federal in appearance but it may operate them as though they were something else; and, what is more likely, it may possess a unitary set of institutions and employ them as though they were federal in nature. The institutions themselves do not provide an accurate index of the federal nature of the society that subtends them … [and, toward the conclusion of the article] the problem of the student of federalism is made much more difficult, for he cannot clearly distinguish between society and the instrumentalities it employs.”

Of course, Livingston was about more than (what to some might be) abstruse political sociology and probing unmeasurable questions. He no doubt believed in systematic, empirical political science, and he also had concern for the real-world consequences of political institutions. This can be seen, for example, in his 1976 Journal of Politics article, “The Institutionalization of Accountability” (an excellent base comparison of American and British institutions), and in his work on British politics and his research into the nature of the British party system, reflected in two 1959 articles, “British General Elections and the Two-Party System, 1945-55” (Midwest Journal of Political Science) and “Minor Parties and M.P.’s, 1945-1955” (The Western Political Quarterly). Livingston served as Journal of Politics editor for three years, 1970-72, and was president of the Southern Political Science Association in 1975.

Finally, Livingston cherished being an academic man in all ways. There are few groups on campus more academic than British Studies. Livingston’s role in establishing and institutionalizing British studies is legendary, though its story belongs to another author. Lesser known, however, is Livingston’s role organizing the Verbalphiles (those who love words), a group Livingston spearheaded in the early-mid 1970s. A group of 10-15 people on campus would meet once or twice a year to discuss language and the oddities of the English language, but it followed Bill into retirement. Bill Livingston had a reverence for the English language and a keen sense for what made a good university great — he was an academic’s academic.

Regarding his role in establishing the LBJ School of Public Affairs, it is crucial to point out that Livingston bears responsibility for the name. Initially, the plan was to name the school the “Institute of Public Service.” However, Livingston wanted it to be more than a training ground for public service. Livingston wanted the school to be a teaching unit that would deal with policy and administration, both what should be done and how to do it, to spread itself comprehensively over the study of public issues and the techniques of administration, and he wanted the name to reflect the mission. While he won this battle, he lost another. Both he and Emmette Redford wanted an old Texas Ph.D., the congressional scholar Ralph Huitt, a professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and aide to LBJ, to lead the school, but their choice was shot down. They also wanted the school much more integrated with the Department of Government than it was and is, although the partnership between the two continues paying big dividends on campus.

The Edward A. Clark Center for Australian and New Zealand Studies is another campus unit bearing Livingston’s imprint, and it has always been closely associated with the Department of Government. During the late 1980s and the quarter century since, Bill was the locomotive force behind the center. He took the initiative in persuading the university to create the center, he spearheaded the drive to find endowments to support it, and he met regularly with the hundred or more prominent Australian and New Zealand politicians and officials, including several prime ministers, who visited the center.

While the focus of this tribute has been on Livingston the government professor, we are of the strong belief that one of the things that made Bill great, and helped him be so successful, was his ability to always keep things in perspective. And in that spirit, we deviate briefly from the task at hand, to something we know Bill always took pleasure in. Livingston loved his Longhorn football (though not necessarily upon arrival in 1949). And of all his achievements, he was not one to let a shining star fall through the cracks, pointing as much out in a 2005 presidential medallion presentation speech: “Indeed, I may say of my entire administration what no other president can say, namely that our record of beating the hell out of Oklahoma was a monumental 100%.”

The point here is that Livingston’s life, though it appears uncommonly coherent and seamless (he had a single employer for his entire professional career), is not easily captured in a few simple generalizations. His various pursuits are impossible to disentangle. He was at once a decorated warrior in the European theater of WWII, a devoted husband to Lana, his wife for more than a half-century, and a doting father and grandfather to his progeny. He was a distinguished and sophisticated academic man whose command of the English language was both stunning and a life-long preoccupation. His prose and speech were littered with evidence of the peaks of erudition and, if the occasion permitted, a taste for the rude. But he was also an unapologetic Longhorn cheerleader who came early, wore orange, and stayed late. He was a professor of political science, a fledgling discipline for whose growing prominence in the educational backwaters of the 1950’s South and Southwest he was significantly responsible. He was an administrator whose concerns outgrew those of his department and discipline to embrace the most trying issues of higher education in America. He was a ‘man in full’—a person we counted ourselves fortunate to have known and whose irrepressible personality and wit make us grateful that we could go along for the ride.

*Written by Stuart M. Tendler, with assistance from many. Based on materials housed in the Briscoe Center for American History, department records, materials provided by the Livingston family, conversations with Bill’s former colleagues, and conversations with William S. Livingston in late 2009 and early 2010.

Note from William Livingston

David Braybrooke, 1924-2013

Distinguished political theorist David Braybrooke passed away at the age of 88.

Braybrooke was born Oct. 18, 1924. He interrupted his undergraduate studies at Hobart College to volunteer for the U.S. Army in 1943, and he served for more than three years before returning to complete his bachelor’s degree. Braybrooke then studied economics at Harvard, returned to Hobart to teach in their Western civilization program, and then went to Cornell University to earn his doctorate in philosophy, where he wrote a dissertation on welfare and happiness; his first journal article, “Farewell to the New Welfare Economics,” was published in June 1955 in Review of Economic Studies.

Braybrooke began his career as an instructor at the University of Michigan, but soon moved to Bowdoin College, and then progressed to Yale, where he taught in an interdisciplinary economics and politics honors program and began collaborating with Charles Lindblom. Denied tenure at Yale while simultaneously winning a Guggenheim Fellowship, Braybrooke, in 1963, moved to Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, where he stayed through 1989. In 1990 he accepted the Centennial Commission Chair in Liberal Arts at The University of Texas at Austin and joined the Department of Government (and Philosophy). He had stints as president of the Canadian Philosophical Association and vice president of the American Political Science Association, and was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.

Braybrooke was a political philosopher in the analytic tradition, and, as Susan Sherwin wrote in the introduction to Engaged Philosophy: Essays in Honour of David Braybrooke,* his “aim is to help guide policy debates by allowing participants to determine appropriate rules for attending to the needs of citizens of nations and of the world in a fair and achievable way.” His concern for this theme is evident in his 1968 book, Three Tests for Democracy: Personal Rights, Human Welfare, Collective Preference (Random House), and culminated in the four books published by the University of Toronto Press since 1998: Moral Objectives, Rules, and the Forms of Social ChangeNatural Law ModernizedUtilitarianism: Restorations, Repairs, Renovations; and Analytical Political Philosophy: From Discourse, Edification.

*The biographical information here is drawn from this chapter. Engaged Philosophy … Susan Sherwin and Peter Schotch, eds. University of Toronoty Press (2007).

James Soukup 1929-2012

James “Jim” R. Soukup, Professor Emeritus at SUNY Fredonia, died on May 26 of natural causes in Troy, Virginia.

Jim earned his B.A. at Wayne State University, where he represented the school at the United Nations Institute conference at Mt. Holyoke College (and, in a career-inspiring moment, met with the conference’s founding influence, Eleanor Roosevelt — then chairperson of the newly-created U.N. Commission on Human Rights); between semesters, he studied French language abroad at the Sorbonne. He earned his M.A. in political science at the University of Minnesota (1952) and a Ph.D. (1956) in the same field at the University of Michigan, focusing on East Asian politics under the tutelage of Robert E. Ward.

Jim’s teaching career began at the University of Texas at Austin’s Department of Government (1956-1970), where he was a three-time Fulbright Scholar to Japan for the study of that country’s labor politics, and eventually served on the Fulbright National Selection Committee. At Texas, he was principal author of the book, Party and Factional Division in Texas (1964), a landmark work; in the process he developed a strong working relationship with Rep. Henry González on research into Texas government and voting. He also published numerous articles in The Journal of Politics, Asian Survey, and Studies on Asia. He was instrumental in the development of the school’s Asian studies program and its supporting library holdings. In 1969, he contributed, along with Harold Deutsch, Seymour Lipset and others, to the Staff Report of the National Task Force on Assassination and Political Violence, chaired by Milton S. Eisenhower as directed by Presidents Johnson and Nixon.

Jim left the University of Texas to chair the State University of New York’s (SUNY) College at Fredonia’s political science department during what would become a transformational point in its history, 1970-75.  He increased the department’s size, created the Washington semester program, and taught new offerings in four different subject areas: the politics of East Asia; energy and the environment; labor; and business and regulation. Both the J.R. Soukup Pi Sigma Alpha Scholarship (for outstanding junior) and J.R. Soukup Award (for outstanding first year student) were endowed upon his retirement in 1991 to Professor Emeritus.

William Astor Kirk, 1922-2011

Believed to be the first African American to receive a doctorate from the Department of Government, William Astor Kirk passed away last week. Kirk’s dissertation, “Television Allocation Policy: An Administrative Search for the Public Interest,” was written under the supervision of Emmette Redford. J. Alton Burdine Jr., O. Douglas Weeks, H. Malcolm Macdonald, Edward E. Hale and Robert H. Montgomery also served on his committee.

Kirk began teaching at Huston-Tillotson College in 1947, began doctoral studies in 1950 and earned his doctorate in 1958. Kirk wrote a memoir, “One Life: Three Professional Careers–My Civil Rights Story,” about his experiences.

Below are links with more information about Dr. Kirk.

Statesman obituary

Huston-Tillotson news release

Austin History Center

Kirk’s Books

Richard Kraemer, 1920-2011

Emeritus Professor of Government Richard Kraemer, Lt. Colonel, U.S.A.F. (Ret.), died June 11. Kraemer taught full time in the Department of Government for 20 years beginning in 1965, then part time until 2001 and then continued to teach through the Distance Education Center until 2000. Kraemer coauthored textbooks on Texas politics and government that have set the field standard since the late 1970s. In 2010 he published his last book, “The Secret War in the Balkans, a W.W.II Memoir.” In 1971 he won the Jean Holloway Award for Excellence in Teaching. Quoting from the “Austin American- Statesman” obituary, “In 1953 he flew 41 missions of a 50 mission tour in Korea before the armistice was signed in July. In all he logged 1,600 hours flying time in the combat zones, possibly a record for American airmen … Richard was an authority on collaborative learning (teaching through political games and simulations) and on the teaching of critical thinking. He pioneered the design and teaching of interdisciplinary courses and the establishment of internship programs.”

Melvin Hinich, 1939-2010

The Department of Government is very saddened to announce the death of Melvin Hinich, professor of Government and Economics, and the Mike Hogg Professor of Local Government.

In tribute, the Department of Government and the College of Liberal Arts have launched the following Web site:

Melvin Hinich, 1939-2010.

Mel’s tragic death brings to an end one of the truly innovative and productive careers in academics. Hinich was the very definition of a polymath, having made seminal contributions to multiple fields of study.

But he was so much more: one of the most interesting and stimulating people ever, an exacting exacting critic of the academy and, yes, curmudgeonly.

Also, please visit Mel’s website:

You may also read the Wikipedia entry on Mel:

Dean Robert King and Mel Hinich

Dean Robert King (left) and Mel Hinich


Laura Leissner Carlson, 1964-2010

Laura Leissner Carlson, former graduate admissions coordinator for the Department of Government, passed away Sept. 2. Laura worked at the University from 2001 until 2006, at which time she left to become a full time mother. She was diagnosed with kidney cancer in January 2007.

James R. Roach

The Department of Government is sorry to report the passing of James Roach, government professor emeritus. Jim had a long and distinguished career that included prize-winning teaching in international relations, South Asian politics, and U.S. foreign policy. A veteran of World War Two, where he accompanied General MacArthur on his return to the Philippines and personally strode to shore to plant the American flag on one of the islands, Jim received his Ph.D. from Harvard and taught at Texas beginning in 1949. He held several administrative positions at the university, interrupted his academic life to spend four years as cultural attaché in the American embassy in New Delhi, and built and maintained close friendships with hundreds of former students around the globe. He will be remembered for tapping out letter after letter using two fingers on an antique manual typewriter. In 2000, the James R. Roach Endowed Fund in American Foreign Relations was established in his honor. He died peacefully in his home while under hospice care.

Brianna Becker, 1987-2009

It is with a heavy heart that the Department of Government has learned about the tragic death of one of our undergraduate students, Brianna Becker. A Daily Texan article can be read here; an article from the Austin American-Statesman can be read here.

Dr. Manley Elliot Banks, 1953-2009

It is with great sadness that the Department of Government has learned Dr. Manley Elliot Banks passed away at the age of 56.

Banks earned his Ph.D. in 1987 from the Department of Government and was an associate professor in the L. Douglas Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs at Virginia Commonwealth University. Banks specialized in urban politics – his dissertation analyzed racial political polarization in Atlanta, Georgia over a 13-year period.

The Department extends its most sincere condolences to family and friends.

An obituary can be read here.