Gender-specific mental health screenings, interventions needed to serve growing numbers of military women
Houston Chronicle | November 2016 | Elisa Borah
The election of the highest number of women into the U.S. Senate is a harbinger of change to come in public policy affecting all of us. They will govern alongside one of the largest numbers of women elected to public office, and they will work with an increasing number of female top military leaders in our armed forces.
Of particular concern is the alarming rate of female veteran suicide. According to a recent study by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), since 2001, the age-adjusted rate of suicide among male veterans has increased 30.5 percent. In comparison, the age-adjusted rate of suicide among female veterans has increased 85.2 percent. And among veteran women ages 18 to 29, the risk of suicide is 12 times the rate of nonveteran women.
It is clear that gender-specific interventions are needed to support our female veterans. Our new female leadership in this country must respond to the challenges facing female service members and veterans.
One approach is to enact new laws. A bill introduced this year by U.S. Rep. Julia Brownley of California, called the Female Veterans Suicide Prevention bill, would require the VA to identify mental health and suicide prevention programs that are most effective for female veterans and disseminate the guidance to providers within the VA. This is a good step. In addition, better access to trauma-focused care is needed because women’s trauma groups at the VA are woefully understaffed and underfunded.
We also need to better understand how women experience military service. Often, the mental health and substance abuse problems female veterans suffer stem from the trauma of military sexual assault, in addition to the trauma of warfare. In 2014, about 20,300 military service members (approximately 10,600 men and 9,600 women) were sexually assaulted, a rate unchanged from 2010.