|Principal Investigator:||Cynthia Juniper, MA
|Sponsor:||George Kaiser Family Foundation, W. K. Kellogg Foundation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families|
|Research Partners:||Community Action Program of Tulsa County, Harvard University’s Center on the Developing Child and Graduate School of Education, Tulsa Educare, University of Oklahoma-Tulsa’s School of Community Medicine, Northwestern University’s Institute of Policy Research, Columbia University
|Project Duration:||July 2008 – September 2021
|Description:||In collaboration with a multi-disciplinary team of partners, the Ray Marshall Center (RMC) is developing and implementing a sectoral workforce development strategy for low-skilled, low-income parents of children served by early childhood programs in Tulsa, Oklahoma. There is emerging evidence that children whose parents hold stable jobs with progressively rising incomes exhibit better academic and behavioral outcomes. RMC and its partners have undertaken a dual-generation approach to poverty reduction that strengthens the investment in early childhood development by equipping Head Start parents with workforce training and gainful employment opportunities. This approach employs a more holistic model than traditional workforce development programs, as it also includes employee counseling and other support services to help parents complete training and adult basic education, retain their jobs, advance in their careers, and become economically self-sufficient. The goal is to develop a sustainable sectoral strategy that can be replicated beyond Tulsa to other communities across the nation.
In the first phase of the project (2008-2009), RMC designed a sectoral job development strategy focused on industries featuring jobs that pay well and provide much-needed employee benefits (e.g., health insurance, annual and sick leave) as well as career advancement opportunities. In April 2009, Community Action Program of Tulsa County launched the pilot, CareerAdvance®, at two Head Start sites in Tulsa involving 15 parents. The components of the CareerAdvance® are 1) GED and college readiness instruction, as needed; 2) skills training in the healthcare sector progressing from Certified Nursing Aide to Licensed Practical Nurse to Registered Nurse; 3) weekly peer support meetings addressing a flexible set of topics (e.g., life skills, work readiness, family finances); 4) conditional cash incentives (up to $3,000 a year) for participants meeting specified benchmarks to reinforce continued participation and help offset foregone earnings; and 5) workforce intermediation between healthcare employers and training institutions provided through Workforce Tulsa. The report on the project’s first year of operation is available at the link below.
In partnership with Harvard University and the University of Oklahoma – Tulsa School of Medicine, a second pilot site was opened in July 2009 at a Tulsa Educare Center. The second pilot, EduCareers, includes all components described above as well as enhanced mental health services for participating households, curriculum enhancements for the children, parent engagement training, and a medical home. The CareerAdvance® project has now been expanded to 2015 with support from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families. RMC and partners at Northwestern and Columbia University have been engaged to provide ongoing on data collection, implementation, and outcomes analysis of project participants.
|Reports Available:||CareerAdvance® Implementation Study Findings through FY 2020: The impact of COVID-19 on service delivery
Authors: Cynthia Juniper and Christopher T. King
Date: February 2021
Publication Type: Report, 52pp.
CareerAdvance® Implementation Study Findings through FY2019
CareerAdvance® Implementation Study Findings through FY2018
CareerAdvance® Implementation Study Findings through FY2017
CareerAdvance® HPOG II Transition and Expansion
CareerAdvance® Implementation Study Findings through July 2015
Sustaining Two-Generation Strategies: A Case Study of Tulsa’s CareerAdvance® Program
CareerAdvance® Implementation Study Findings Through July 2014
CareerAdvance® Implementation Study Findings Through July 2013
The Evolution of the CareerAdvance® Program in Tulsa, Oklahoma
Expanding the CareerAdvance® Program in Tulsa, Oklahoma
CareerAdvance® Implementation Report
CareerAdvance® Pilot Project
|Principal Investigator:||Daniel Schroeder, PhD
|Sponsor:||W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research|
|Project Duration:||June 2007 – April 2008|
|Description:|| This project presents a revised analysis plan to investigate linkages between Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Unemployment Insurance (UI). Using administrative data from a group of four large states, this study extends our understanding about the use of UI by recent TANF leavers. Data from the following states are analyzed: Florida, Ohio, Michigan, and Texas. Samples from all four states will be analyzed for 2000 TANF receipt cohorts. These samples include TANF recipients in calendar year 2000 who exit from TANF for employment by the first calendar quarter of 2001. Analysis will be conducted on earlier and later TANF exit cohorts as data is available for other states. The two alternative TANF exit time frames are: (1) TANF receipt 1997Q2 to 1998Q1 and exit by 1998Q2, and (2) TANF receipt 2002Q1 to 2002Q4 and exit by 2003Q1. Based on data for the Florida 2000 cohort, this report presents a blueprint for analysis of all cohorts by presenting tables and charts to answer questions posed in the draft analysis plan. The sections and sub-sections of this revised analysis plan correspond to the overview of research questions listed in Table 1. An overview of data available to investigate these research questions is given in Table 2.
Analysis of UI and TANF use is primarily based on data provided through the Administrative Data Analysis and Research (ADARE) consortium. Additional data for this project was provided directly to the Upjohn Institute by some states. Data for Michigan was provided to the Institute outside ADARE.
|Principal Investigator:||Christopher T. King, PhD
|Sponsor:||The Rockefeller Foundation|
|Research Partners:||Skillpoint Alliance and Capital IDEA|
|Project Duration:||October 2005 – March 2007|
|Description:||The Central Texas Workforce Intermediary Initiative (CTWII) will build and strengthen support among Central Texas stakeholders for a major workforce intermediary initiative linked to long-term economic growth and regional vitality. Specifically, the initiative will result in increased training and job creation, especially high-skilled jobs offering high wages, improved job retention, and career advancement for area residents, new business and industry development, greater productivity for the Central Texas business community, and greater economic and social equity across the community. The initiative will focus its efforts on nursing and allied health careers in the region’s steadily growing healthcare industry sector.
The CTWII coalition will utilize a two-phase approach as it transitions from the planning stage to implementation. Phase I will focus on systems and capacity building. It will continue to solidify and expand accomplishments from the planning grant phase, including promoting ongoing stakeholder engagement, bolstering funding, finding additional ways to align funding streams, and continuing to work for improved public policies and political support. This phase will allow the group to implement and test select strategies in one initial industry sector — healthcare — then make adjustments as necessary before full-scale implementation.
Phase II will include the continued expansion of the initial industry sector initiative and planning for the expansion of the initiative into at least one and possibly two additional industry sectors. This phase will also focus on long-term planning and sustainability of the efforts launched in Phases I and II.
The overarching goal of our work in the healthcare industry sector will be to address the human resources needs of Central Texas healthcare employers by increasing the capacity of leading education and training institutions locally — especially Austin Community College and University of Texas’s School of Nursing — to connect low-income workers with job and career advancement opportunities in the healthcare industry. Through our efforts, we will:
|Principal Investigators:||Christopher T. King, PhD and Ying Tang|
|Sponsor:||United Way Capital Area|
|Project Duration:||November 2005 – December 2006|
|Description:||The Ray Marshall Center at the University of Texas at Austin (RMC) is conducting a research project to assist the United Way Capital Area (UWCA) develop a Community Agenda on health and human services within the 10-county Capital Area region. The research is designed to lead to a synthesis of existing information and stakeholder perspectives on the priorities in health and human services. Specifically, RMC is charged as follows:
Phase I: Identify, collect and analyze existing regional data on the state of major health and human services issues, indicators and demographic trend; and
Phase II: Gauge the perspectives of major stakeholders across the ten-county area regarding major issues, root causes, solutions and prospects for health and human services.
The Ray Marshall Center will produce a data analysis report as a result of Phase I work. The data analysis report will present major indicators of demographic trends, several indicators under important issue areas related to health and human services, a summary listing of the issues or priority issues previously identified by stakeholders through community assessment or planning processes in recent years, and a number of regional and county-specific highlights based on data and issues analysis.
The report of the Phase II work will be a summary of findings based on analysis of input from different types of stakeholders in the ten counties. Specifically, stakeholder input is sought on the following topics:
To the extent possible, the Phase II report will also attempt to compare the issues and priorities that loom largest in the perspectives of the stakeholders and comparable data points on such issues and priorities.
|Reports Available:||A Profile of the Capital Area Community: A Data Analysis Report for the United Way Capital Area
Authors: Ying Tang, Suzanne Hershey, Christopher T. King, Erin Brown, and Katie Ryan
Date: March 2006
Publication Type: Report, 100pp.
A Profile of the Capital Area Community: A Profile of the Capital Area: A Regional Summary
Toward Equity for All: Findings from Stakeholder Input on the Capital Area Community Agenda Project
Toward Equity for All: Findings From Stakeholder Input on the Capital Area Community Agenda Project (Executive Summary)
Community Agenda Project Findings and Recommendations
|Principal Investigator:||Daniel Schroeder, PhD
|Sponsor:||Joint Center for Poverty Research, Food Assistance Research Small Grants Program|
|Project Duration:||July 2005 – December 2006|
|Description:||Legislative reforms in the food stamp and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs in the 1990s, together with a booming economy and the Earned Income Tax Credit, led to dramatic increases in employment among single mothers and smaller increases among other low-income families. The deterioration of the economy after 2000, however, has raised again the question of the adequacy of the safety net for nonworking families. This study will examine the extent of support from government programs, especially food stamps, among nonworking families, but with a focus on a program that has not received much research attention: the Unemployment Insurance (UI) program. The UI program is of interest because the increases in employment among disadvantaged families in the 1990s should have been expected to increase eligibility for benefits. This, in turn, may have led to greater receipt of UI in the recent downturn and to less reliance on food stamps, given that the latter program is also aimed, in part, at serving unemployed families during downturns. The researchers will use an administrative data set from the state of Texas containing information on food stamp, TANF, and UI recipients over the period 1996 to 2005 to investigate these questions.
The study will document the incidence of different kinds of assistance receipt, especially during the downturn, giving particular attention to the relationship between food stamps and UI benefits (how many individuals receive one but not the other, both, neither); will estimate event history models to determine whether receipt of UI leads to reduced entry and increased exit from the food stamp program; will examine how the nature of food stamp and UI spells changed as the Texas economy moved from expansion to recession to recovery; and will estimate the effects of such receipts on income from earnings, UI, and welfare.
|Reports Available:||Food Stamps, Unemployment Insurance, and the Safety Net
Author: Daniel Schroeder
Date: May 2007
Publisher: The Harris School of Public Policy Studies at the University of Chicago
Publication Type: Report, 43pp. (Harris School Working Paper Series 07.15)
|Principal Investigator:||Deanna T. Schexnayder, MBA
|Sponsor:||Center for Economic and Policy Research|
|Research Partners:||Center for Social Policy, University of Massachusetts, Boston; and Center for Urban Economic Development, University of Illinois at Chicago|
|Project Duration:||January 2005 – March 2006|
|Description:||The “Bridging the Gap”Pilot Study has the following goals:
The Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources will produce a preliminary report on the major findings in Texas. RMC will subsequently conduct outreach activities, which will include briefings for advocates and provider organizations in Texas, in order to present preliminary findings and generate feedback from advocates.
|Reports Available:||Bridging the Gaps
Authors: Deanna Schexnayder and Heather Boushey
Date: February 2006
Publication Type: PowerPoint presentation, 16pp.
Texas Economic Supports for Working Families: A Product of the Bridging the Gaps Project
|Principal Investigators:||Daniel G. Schroeder, PhD
|Sponsor:||Office of the Attorney General of Texas and Texas Workforce Commission|
|Project Duration:||July 2005 – August 2011|
|Description:||The goal of the Non-Custodial Parent Choices (NCP Choices) demonstration is to get unemployed and/or underemployed non-custodial parents (NCPs) with unpaid child support orders into workforce development services so that they can better meet their financial obligations to their children. Child support can be one of the most important sources of income in assisting single parent households to escape from poverty. Despite significant gains over the last decade or so, receipt of child support among public assistance families remains low. Many NCPs are unable to meet their financial obligations due to unemployment or underemployment. Previous attempts to engage low-income NCPs in workforce development services have had success for some participants, but typically have problems meeting enrollment goals. NCP Choices solves this in a straightforward manner: noncompliant NCPs are given the choice of paying their child support, participating in workforce services, or going to jail.
The Ray Marshall Center (RMC) is estimating preliminary impacts of NCP Choices in four demonstration sites. Outcomes of interest include child support collections, workforce development participation, employment and earnings levels of NCPs, and TANF receipt by the custodial parents (CPs).
|Reports Available:||Non-Custodial Parent Choices PEER Pilot: Impact Report
Authors: Daniel Schroeder, Kimberly Walker, and Amna Khan
Date: August 2011
Publication Type: Report, 45 pp.
Non-Custodial Parent Choices Establishment Pilot: Impact Report
Non-Custodial Parent Choices Establishment and PEER Pilots: Preliminary Impact Report
Non-Custodial Parent Choices Establishment Pilot: Early Implementation Results
Texas Non-Custodial Parent Choices: Program Impact Analysis (2009)
Texas Non-Custodial Parent Choices: Program Impact Analysis (2008)
Texas Non-Custodial Parent Choices: Program Impact Analysis (2007)
Texas Non-Custodial Parent Choices: Preliminary Program Impact Analysis
Evaluating the Non-custodial Parent Choices Program in Texas: Literature Review, Early Implementation Results, and Preliminary Impact Analysis Plan
|Principal Investigator:||Christopher T. King, PhD and Peter Mueser|
|Sponsor:||W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research|
|Research Partner:||University of Baltimore|
|Description:||Christopher T. King and University of Missouri-Columbia economics professor Peter Mueser received a grant from the W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research in 1999, supplementing funding from the U.S. Department of Labor’s Employment and Training Administration, to prepare a book on welfare-to-work transitions in six, very diverse urban areas around the country: Atlanta, Baltimore, Chicago, Ft. Lauderdale, Houston and Kansas City (MO). King, director of the Ray Marshall Center and the Hogg Professor of Urban Management at the LBJ School, and Mueser completed their research in 2004. The Upjohn Institute published the book, Welfare and Work: Experiences in Six Cities in February 2005.|
|Principal Investigators:||Daniel Schroeder, Ph.D. (Ray Marshall Center)
Monica Faulkner Ph.D. LMSW, Jim Schwab, and D’nika Travis (Texas Institute for Child & Family Wellbeing)
|Sponsor:||Texas Workforce Commission|
|Research Partners:||Texas Institute for Child & Family Wellbeing
|Project Duration:||April 2003 – August 2022
|Description:||This project conducts a child care market rate survey to be used by 28 Local Workforce Development Boards that manage the federal child care program in Texas. The goal is to produce up-to-date, reliable data and information to use in setting maximum reimbursements rates that ensure equal access to child care, thereby maximizing public resources.|
|Reports Available:||The reports for this project are published through the Texas Institute for Child & Family Wellbeing at the University of Texas at Austin’s Steve Hicks School of Social Work. The following reports are available on their website.
2021 Texas Child Care Market Rate Survey
For reports prior to 2012, copies may be obtained from Texas Workforce Commission. The following reports are available.
2011 Texas Child Care Market Rate Survey
|Principal Investigators:|| Christopher T. King, PhD
|Research Partners:||Rockefeller Institute of Government/The Research Foundation of State University of New York|
|Project Duration:||May 2001 – August 2002|
|Description:||Researchers at the Ray Marshall Center provided state analysis and annual updates regarding cash assistance, job training, Medicaid, and other social services in Texas. These reports combined with those of researchers in other states to produce national studies regarding the capacity of state government administrators and program operators to efficiently manage services in an era characterized by the devolution of increased responsibility for human services from the federal government to states and localities. The current analyses concerned recent changes in TANF cash assistance and work programs, which were followed by a study of the design and implementation of the Food Stamp program in Texas. The studies were conducted under the direction of Richard Nathan at SUNY-Albany through a field network of Rockefeller Institute Associates in selected states.|