Dear Faculty, Students, and Staff:
Please join us for our upcoming Sociology Colloquium session next Thursday, March 4 at noon:
Dr. Michael Hout will present “Venture human capital: how ‘negative selection’ can promote intergenerational mobility.”
In The American Occupational Structure Blau and Duncan(1967) explained how education is both the pivotal factor in reproduction of advantage and disadvantage from generation to generation and an indispensable channel of upward mobility. A strong correlation between the statuses of parents and their children’s educational outcomes couples with substantial returns to educational achievement in the labor market to foster reproduction. At the same time, the educational system creates opportunity by introducing substantial variation in outcomes that is independent of social origins but effective at opening the returns to education to all graduates. Research from 1984-2010 focused on how college graduation breaks the tie to social origins, and research since then has documented heterogeneity in returns to education that complement those equalizing tendencies. New results, to presented here, extend the evidence of “negative selection” and heterogenous returns and draws out their implications. Specifically, I call on colleges to recognize that people they usually reject can and do reap substantial returns from their degrees. I hope they will think more like venture capitalists and take risks commensurate with the big rewards that can come from success.
As a Professor of Sociology at New York University, Mike Hout uses demographic methods to study social change in inequality, religion, and politics. Recent work on change includes “Immigration, Race, and Polarization” in Daedalus in 2020 and “Americans’ occupational status reflects the status of both of their parents” in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) in 2016. Past work included Century of Difference (with Claude Fischer) a book about social and cultural trends in the United States throughout the 20th century, that exemplifies the demographic approach to social change. Other books include The Truth about Conservative Christians (with Andrew Greeley in 2006) and Inequality by Design: Cracking the Bell Curve Myth (with Claude Fischer, Martín Sánchez Jankowski, Samuel R. Lucas, Ann Swidler, and Kim Voss in 1996). A couple of illustrative papers include “Maximally Maintained Inequality” (with Adrian E. Raftery, Sociology of Education, 1993), “The Demographic Imperative in Religious Change” (American Journal of Sociology, 2001) and “How 4 Million Irish Immigrants Came to be 40 Million Irish Americans” (with Josh Goldstein, American Sociological Review, 1994). Mike Hout’s honors include an honorary degree from University College, Dublin, election to the American Philosophical Society in 2006, National Academy of Sciences in 2003, and American Academy of Arts & Sciences in 1997. Mike’s education includes a bachelor’s degree from the University of Pittsburgh in history and sociology (1972) and masters (1973) and doctorate (1976) from Indiana University in sociology. He taught at the University of Arizona from 1976 to 1984 and at Berkeley from 1985 to 2013. While at Berkeley, Mike chaired the Sociology Department from 1988 to 1991 and the Demography Department from 2008 to 2013. He also directed the Survey Research Center from 1992 to 1998 and the Berkeley Population Center from 2007 to 2013. In national service Mike currently chairs the Board of Advisors of the Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Previously he was co-PI on the General Social Survey (GSS), and, before that, he chaired the GSS Board of Overseers.
This session will be a regular Zoom meeting, so no registration is required. All faculty, students (graduate and undergraduate), and staff are welcome. Please feel free to share weekly Colloquium invitations with other faculty, staff, and students who might want to attend.
To Join Zoom Meeting:
Meeting ID: 971 6285 4595
Our lineup for the spring semester includes:
|March 11||Jennifer Glass, UT Austin|
|March 25||Shelly Clark, McGill University|
|April 01||Ari Adut, UT Austin|
|April 08||John Robinson III, Washington University in St. Louis|
|April 15||Kevin Thomas, UT Austin|
|April 22||Dissertating Student Pecha Kucha|
|April 29||Kathryne Young, University of Massachusetts, Amherst|