**So you want to test if the mean of a numeric outcome differs between two independent groups. Question: Are the distributions for both groups normal?**

A normal distribution is the classic bell curve. It is symmetric, with most cases falling near the mean and fewer cases falling away from the mean in either tail.

Example:

For more information: Assessing normality

ONE OR BOTH GROUPS ARE NOT NORMAL

If the variable’s distribution is skewed, has more than one mode (peak), or contains outliers, then it will fail the normality assumption of many parametric statistical methods.

Example: