The week of July 13

The big news this last week is that the Prime Focus Instrument Package (PFIP), the Lower Instrument Package (LIP) and Focal Plane Assembly (FPA) were installed. We are now in the process of getting electricity, glycol and air to these systems. We have started testing the subsystems in place such as filter wheels and guide probes. This is a bit tedious and sometimes requires careful book keeping as we bring together separate systems into one coherent telescope. This next week we hope to have the Austin WFU optics team come out to align the Corrector optics to both the PFIP mechanical system and the HET primary mirror optics. If that goes smoothly this next weekend we may be aligning the corrector to the CCAS tower optical system. All of these alignment tasks are accomplished with the Video Alignment Telescope (VAT) which is an auto-collimating camera which we have designed a mount that allows it to be mounted either pointed down towards the primary mirror or up towards the PFIP, FPA and CCAS tower and sky.

To get ready for this transition to more night work we have a 2nd telescope operator (TO) training with the TO who has been working with the engineers for the past 9 months. At the beginning of next month we will be ready for 1st light through the corrector and will start to require all 3 TOs and some of the Resident Astronomers to work all night long.

One very exciting test that we were able to conduct this past week was to actually test our oxygen sensors that have been installed to look for spills from the liquid nitrogen system which might displace some oxygen. This liquid nitrogen system has flow sensors that if it detects a spill will be able to shut down the flow fairly quickly but with a flow rate of 4 gallons per minute this could still be quite a few gallons spilled on the dome floor. We conducted a test using 40 gallons of liquid nitrogen in a large insulated dewar. Spilled in what we considered to be the most dangerous location (inside the pier of the telescope on the dome floor). The liquid nitrogen quickly turned to cold vapor upon hitting the floor and we found that only the first 1-2 inches reached critical values while oxygen values at 1 meter above the floor stayed above warning values for the entire test. The test reassured the operations staff that the oxygen sensors do work and the risks are minimal except in the most contrived and unrealistic scenarios.

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