Writing Captions & Audio Description

  • Consider the audience.
  • Clearly note speaker changes and non-spoken cues like the way someone is speaking or external noises.
    • The current speaker’s name is frequently all caps followed by a colon before the words being spoken:
      DR. ROBERTS: This is my pet fern.
    • External sounds and descriptions of the way someone is speaking are frequently in brackets:
      JANE [giggling]: What did you name it?
  • Describe necessary visual content like on-screen only text (opening and closing credits), scene changes, important gestures and observable emotional states.
  • Recommended line lengths are between 30 and 40 characters. However, it’s more important they occur in logical places; at the ends of phrases or when a different person starts talking.

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